What was Bernini's most important architectural project?

What was Bernini's most important architectural project?

His most ambitious project was for St. Peter's interior. From 1624 to 1633, he designed and oversaw the construction of a massive bronze baldacchino, or canopy, above St. Peter's tomb.

Was Bernini a renaissance artist?

A sculptor, painter, and architect, Bernini was one of Rome's last true Renaissance men, though his work properly belongs to the Baroque period, which came just after the Renaissance and marked the abandonment of reason and rationality in favor of emotion, movement, drama, and occasionally excess.

Where did Gian Lorenzo Bernini live?


In which art form did Bernini not excel?

plastic arts

Where is Bernini buried?

Basilica Papale di Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome, Italy

Why is Gian Lorenzo Bernini so important?

Gian Lorenzo Bernini was an Italian artist, arguably the greatest sculptor of the 17th century, known for having developed the Baroque style of sculpture. Bernini is also known for his outstanding architectural works.

Who is the first Italian Baroque artist?

Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio

Where is Bernini from?

Naples, Italy

When did Bernini die?

28 November 1680

Was Bernini a Catholic?

Bernini was a deeply religious Catholic and created his first work at the age of eight. His father encouraged his skill, recognizing early the prodigy he would become. In fact, he was presaged, "the Michelangelo of his age," according to Giovanni's son and biographer Domenico Bernini.

What does the Pieta portray?

Pietà (marble sculpture) ... The Pietà was a popular subject among northern european artists. It means Pity or Compassion, and represents Mary sorrowfully contemplating the dead body of her son which she holds on her lap. This sculpture was commissioned by a French Cardinal living in Rome.

How did Bernini redeem himself as an artist?

He surprised everyone by redeeming himself with the exquisite sculpture, Ecstasy of Saint Teresa(1652) in the golden chapel, which he also designed, in the church of Santa Maria della Vittoria.

What did you learn about Baroque arts?

Answer: The Baroque style is characterized by exaggerated motion and clear detail used to produce drama, exuberance, and grandeur in sculpture, painting, architecture, literature, dance, and music. Baroque iconography was direct, obvious, and dramatic, intending to appeal above all to the senses and the emotions.

What is on the altar behind the Baldacchino?

Peter's Baldachin (Italian: Baldacchino di San Pietro, L'Altare di Bernini) is a large Baroque sculpted bronze canopy, technically called a ciborium or baldachin, over the high altar of St. The baldachin is at the center of the crossing, and directly under the dome of the basilica.

What is in the middle of St Peter's Basilica?

At the centre of the square is an ancient Egyptian obelisk, erected at the current site in 1586. Gian Lorenzo Bernini designed the square almost 100 years later, including the massive Doric colonnades, four columns deep, which embrace visitors in "the maternal arms of Mother Church".

What is the canopy over an altar called?

Baldachin, also spelled baldachino, or baldaquin, also called ciborium, in architecture, the canopy over an altar or tomb, supported on columns, especially when freestanding and disconnected from any enclosing wall. ... Later it came to stand for a freestanding canopy over an altar.

What does the ciborium Symbolise?

In medieval Latin, and in English, "Ciborium" more commonly refers to a covered container used in Roman Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran and related churches to store the consecrated hosts of the sacrament of Holy Communion.

What does ciborium mean?

1 : a goblet-shaped vessel for holding eucharistic bread. 2 : baldachin specifically : a freestanding vaulted canopy supported by four columns over a high altar.

Why is the ciborium important?

A ciborium is used in the Roman Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran, and related churches to contain and distribute the hosts for the sacrament of the Holy Communion. ... The base of the cup of the ciborium is raised, so as to facilitate the proper cleaning and purifying of the ciborium after the Holy Communion has taken place.

What is the plate that holds the hosts called?

A communion-plate is a metal plate held under the chin of a communicant while receiving Holy Communion in the Catholic Church.

Why is it called a monstrance?

The word monstrance comes from the Latin word monstrare, while the word ostensorium came from the Latin word ostendere. Both terms, meaning "to show", are used for vessels intended for the exposition of the Blessed Sacrament, but ostensorium has only this meaning.

What is the name of the cup that holds the wine?


What is a Purificator?

1 : a linen cloth used to wipe the chalice after celebration of the Eucharist. 2 : one that purifies.

What items are sacred in the church?

Question Title

  • Sacrarium. Nave. Ciborium. Luna. Altar. Chalice. Aspergillum. Holy Oils. Bread. ...
  • Deacon's Stole. Ambo. Cope. Cruets. Kneelers. Ambry. Votive Candles (see Prayer Candles) Humeral Veil. Chasuble. ...
  • Sanctuary Lamp. Sanctuary. Pall. Lavabo Bowl and Pitcher. Book of the Gospels. Roman Missal. Ablutions Bowl or Cup. Confessional. Amice.

What is a ciborium photo?

In churches, a ciborium is usually kept in a tabernacle or aumbry. In some cases, it may be veiled (see photograph below) to indicate the presence of the consecrated hosts. It is typically made, or at least plated, in a precious metal.

Do Sacristans get paid?

Keep in mind that you typically will not get paid for being a sacristan.

Where are communion wafers kept?


What are the seven holy sacraments?

Seven sacraments

  • Baptism.
  • Eucharist.
  • Confirmation.
  • Reconciliation.
  • Anointing of the sick.
  • Marriage.
  • Holy orders.