What was the Mycenaean civilization known for?

What was the Mycenaean civilization known for?

Mycenae is perhaps best known in mythology as the city of Agamemnon, the son of Atreus. King Agamemnon led the expedition against Troy during the Trojan War, which Homer accounted in his epic poem the Iliad.

Why did the Mycenaean civilization collapse?

Suggestions from scholars to explain the general collapse of the Mycenaean culture (and other contemporary ones in the Mediterranean) include natural disaster (earthquakes, volcanic explosions, and tsunami), overpopulation, internal social and political unrest, invasion from foreign tribes such as the Sea Peoples, ...

Where did the Mycenaean civilization come from?

The Mycenaean civilization (c. 1700 to 1050 BC) originated in mainland Greece eventually controlling the nearby islands, including Crete. Their Linear B script represented an early form of Greek. Despite this rich archaeological and textual history, the origins of the Minoans have long puzzled researchers.

What were some characteristics of Mycenaean civilization?

What were some characteristics of the Mycenaean civilization?...

  • Greek city-states felt a new sense of freedom.
  • Athens became the leader of the Delian Leauge.
  • Athens entered a Golden Age.

How did the Minoans influence Mycenaean culture?

Minoans had a great influence on the Greek mainland as well the island of the Aegean during the Second Palace Period. During the Minoan Civilization 'tholos tombs' were built and a series of them were excavated at Knossos in the 1960's. ... Mycenaean tholos tombs have been found on mainland Greece as well as on Crete.

How was Mycenaean civilization organized?

They inhabited most of Greece and later, Crete, which they took over from the Minoan civilization. The Mycenaeans had a strict social hierarchy. There were staggered social classes, and the head of the society was the wanax or king. The telestai were probably important leaders of the religious part of the society.

Was the Mycenaean civilization peaceful?

These people are known today as the Mycenaeans, and their culture thrived between 1400 and 1200 BCE. ... They were influenced a great deal by the non-Greek Minoans artistically but their aggressive warrior culture was unlike that of the peace-loving Minoans. The Mycenaeans spoke an early form of Greek.

What was unique about Cretan civilization?

The Minoan civilization is particularly notable for its large and elaborate palaces up to four stories high, featuring elaborate plumbing systems and decorated with frescoes. The most notable Minoan palace is that of Knossos, followed by that of Phaistos.

What event caused the war in the Iliad?

According to classical sources, the war began after the abduction (or elopement) of Queen Helen of Sparta by the Trojan prince Paris. Helen's jilted husband Menelaus convinced his brother Agamemnon, king of Mycenae, to lead an expedition to retrieve her.

What happened to the Mycenaean civilization?

Around the year 1200 BCE the Mycenaean civilization shows signs of decline. By 1100 it was extinguished. The palaces were destroyed, and their system of writing, their art, and their way of life were gone. ... According to Greek legends, they were replaced by half-civilized Dorian invaders from the north.

Why did the Dorians destroy the mycenaeans?

On the one hand, it is possible that the destruction of the Mycenaean centres was caused by the wandering of northern people (Dorian migration): destroying the palace of Iolcos (LH III C-1), the palace of Thebes ( late LH III B), then crossing Isthmus of Corinth (end of LH III B) and destroying Mycenae, Tiryns and ...

Where did the Minoan people come from originally?

DNA analysis is unearthing the origins of the Minoans, who some 5,000 years ago established the first advanced Bronze Age civilization in present-day Crete. The findings suggest they arose from an ancestral Neolithic population that had arrived in the region about 4,000 years earlier.

What language did the Minoans speak?

English

How many years did the Minoan civilization last?

The Minoans flourished on Crete for as many as 12 centuries until about 1,500 bc, when it is thought to have been devastated by a catastrophic eruption of the Mediterranean island volcano Santorini, and a subsequent tsunami.

Who was the Minoans most famous king?

Minos

How did the Minoans make money?

Minoan civilization rose around 2800 B.C. it was located on Crete . An island in the Mediterranean sea. To make money they grew wheat, barley, grapes, and olives also traded and ship building. ... The Minoans were a small people with bronzed skin and long dark hair.

Why did the Minoans get so rich?

The Minoans were a wealthy society. The earned their wealth through trade. They built ships and traded with Egypt and Syria.

What were the Minoans famous for?

With their unique art and architecture, and the spread of their ideas through contact with other cultures across the Aegean, the Minoans made a significant contribution to the development of Western European civilization as it is known today.

What are the two possible reasons why Minoan civilization collapsed?

The Fall of the Minoan Civilisation

  • Volcanic explosion.
  • Tsunami destruction.
  • Cycle of disaster.
  • Find out more.

How did the civilization of Minoans develop?

By trading with the early Greeks, the Minoans spread their ideas and art to the Greek mainland. Crete is located in the Mediterranean Sea, with the Aegean Sea on its northern shore. ... At the height of their civilization, between 2,000-1400 BC, the Minoans developed a palace-centered civilization.

How was Knossos destroyed?

The city of Knossos, and almost every other community centre on Crete, was destroyed by a combination of earthquake and the invading Mycenaeans c. 1450 BCE with only the palace spared. The eruption of the volcano on the nearby island of Thera (Santorini) in c.

What effect did trade have on the Minoan civilization?

What effect did trade have on the Minoans' economy? It made the society very wealthy. The wealth trickled down through the society, creating a "leisure society," in which their lowest class would have still lived fairly comfortable life.