Why is the Mycenaean civilization important?

Why is the Mycenaean civilization important?

The Mycenaeans developed on mainland Greece and ruled the region from around 1600 BC to 1100 BC. They are sometimes called the first Greeks because they were the first to speak the Greek language. ... The Mycenaeans developed trade throughout the Mediterranean.

What was the Peloponnesus?

The Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC) was an ancient Greek war fought by the Delian League led by Athens against the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta. Historians have traditionally divided the war into three phases. ... This period of the war was concluded in 421 BC, with the signing of the Peace of Nicias.

Why did Sparta Not Destroy Athens?

First of all, as Sparta claimed, they spared them because of their great contribution during the Persian wars. In those wars Athens was one of the leaders of the coaliation and its men and ships helped won several battles that saved the Greek city-states, most notably Marathon and Salamis.

Is Athens or Sparta better?

Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. ... This made Sparta one of the safest cities to live in.

Does it matter if you side with Athens or Sparta?

While the skirmishes between the factions and overthrowing either Sparta or Athens in a particular region make up the majority of the side quests and the murderous parkour aspect of AC Odyssey, the reality is that siding with one or the other is going to do absolutely nothing at the end of the game, and not be very ...

Who won Sparta or Athens?

Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Spartans terms were lenient. First, the democracy was replaced by on oligarchy of thirty Athenians, friendly to Sparta. The Delian League was shut down, and Athens was reduced to a limit of ten triremes.

What was the difference between Sparta and Athens?

The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. ... Athens was the centre for arts, learning and philosophy while Sparta was a warrior state.

Did Athens have slaves?

Slavery was common in antiquity, and the Athenians used thousands of slaves in their private homes, factories, and mines, and also as civil servants. Slaves were usually captured in war and came from all over the Mediterranean, including other Greek cities.

Which was a military oligarchy Athens or Sparta?

Athens focused more on culture, while Sparta focused more on war. The oligarchy structure in Sparta enabled it to keep war as a top priority. The Athenian democratic government gave the citizens in Greece more freedom.

What did Spartans value most?

The Spartans valued discipline, obedience, and courage above all else. Spartan men learned these values at an early age, when they were trained to be soldiers. Spartan women were also expected to be strong, athletic, and disciplined.

What are 4 facts about Spartan oligarchy?

It was passed on orally instead of written down, and divided the government into four parts: the powerful ruling Ephors Council, the two Kings (Sparta was a diarchy), the Gerousia Council of Elders, and the Apella, which elected the Ephors and members of the Gerousia.

What are similarities between Sparta and Athens?

Sparta and Athens had similar forms of government; both city states were in part governed by elected assemblies. However, the top rulers of Athens were elected, while Sparta's were not. Athens was fundamentally a democracy; Sparta was an oligarchy.

What are two similarities between Athenian and Spartan soldiers?

One of the main ways they were similar was in their form of government. Both Athens and Sparta had an Assembly, whose members were elected by the people. Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. Athens was ruled by archons, who were elected annually.

Why is Athens a better place to live than Sparta?

The military protected the Athenian way of life. Another reason why Athens would be a better place to live than Sparta is because of their government. Athens' government is democratic with all free citizens capable of voting or holding a government position.

Why did Athens and Sparta develop so differently?

One way that Athens and Sparta really differed was in their idea of getting along with the rest of the Greeks. Sparta seemed content to keep to itself and provide army and assistance when necessary. Athens, on the other hand, wanted to control more and more of the land around them.