What happened as a result of the collapse of the Mycenaean civilization?
Around the year 1200 BCE the Mycenaean civilization shows signs of decline. By 1100 it was extinguished. The palaces were destroyed, and their system of writing, their art, and their way of life were gone. ... According to Greek legends, they were replaced by half-civilized Dorian invaders from the north.
What were the causes of the collapse of Mycenaean and Minoan civilizations?
The Mycenaean civilization itself fell during the tumultuous events at the end of the Bronze Age. New invaders, such as the Dorians or the mysterious Sea People, may have contributed to the destruction of Mycenaean civilization. Whatever the case, for the next few centuries, Greece entered its Dark Age.
What island did the Minoans live on?
What dominated the Mycenaean civilization?
Mycenaean Greece was dominated by a warrior elite society and consisted of a network of palace-centered states that developed rigid hierarchical, political, social and economic systems. At the head of this society was the king, known as a wanax.
What caused the Mycenaean civilization to collapse?
Suggestions from scholars to explain the general collapse of the Mycenaean culture (and other contemporary ones in the Mediterranean) include natural disaster (earthquakes, volcanic explosions, and tsunami), overpopulation, internal social and political unrest, invasion from foreign tribes such as the Sea Peoples, ...
What was the Minoans water source?
“The evidence for closed type water distribution in Minoan Crete originates from the use of terracotta pipes [Figure 3b], found at the palaces of Knossos and Tylissos, along with several others, discovered at the palace of Phaistos and at Palaikastro, Gournia, Lykastos and Zakro (House B).
What did the Minoans create?
At the height of their civilization, between 2,000-1400 BC, the Minoans developed a palace-centered civilization. The Minoan cities of Knossos and Phaistos are two examples of palace cities. Palaces acted as the economic and religious centers of the island. Palaces were large and three to five stories tall.
What was the Minoans food source?
“During both the Minoan era, and in modern Crete, people consume food from the sea, such as small and large fish, barnacles, cuttlefish and sea snails. They also ate meat from animals they bred or hunted such as goat, sheep, hare, pigs and cattle, while in later Minoan periods they also ate wild deer.
What foods did the mycenaeans eat?
From trade records, we know that the Mycenaeans were major producers of olive oil, wine, and grains. We also know that they hunted, based on what we know about their sports. The average Mycenaean diet was probably composed of various grains and some kind of meat - probably deer or boar.
How do we know that the Minoans were a peaceful society?
How can we prove that the minoan were a peaceful civilization? There is no evidence of heavily fortified buildings, their art work and pottery does not show warfare, their weapons appear to have been for rituals, There is no evidence of a minoan army or any minoan domination outside of crete.
Where was the culture located that was named for King Minos?
What was the main difference between Minoan and Mycenaean art?
The difference from the Minoan style is very clear. Mycenaean palaces are in fact citadels, built on a hill and fortified. Minoans, settled on an island and oriented towards trading, not expansion, had no need for defensive structures.
What were the main influences in Minoan art?
The Minoans, as a seafaring culture, were in contact with foreign peoples throughout the Aegean, as is evidenced by the Near East, Babylonian, and Egyptian influences in their early art but also in trade, notably the exchange of pottery and foodstuffs such as oil and wine in return for precious objects and materials ...
How were the Minoans and Mycenaeans similar and different?
The Minoans lived on the Greek islands and built a huge palace on the island of Crete. The Mycenaeans lived mostly on mainland Greece and were the first people to speak the Greek language. The Minoans built a large civilization on the island of Crete that flourished from around 2600 BC to 1400 BC.
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