What weapons did the Mycenaeans use?

What weapons did the Mycenaeans use?

The spear remained the main weapon among Mycenaean warriors until the collapse of the Bronze Age, while the sword played a secondary role in combat. The precise role and contribution of war chariots in battlefield is a matter of dispute due to the lack of sufficient evidence.

Who built the Lion Gate Mycenae?

Kyriakos Pittakis

What is the purpose of a relieving triangle?

A relieving triangle is a space (usually triangular) above a lintel in megalithic architecture to relieve the weight of the masonry. One example of a relieving triangle is the Lion Gate at Mycenae. Two lions in heraldic composition flank a pillar, forming a triangle.

What iconography appears on the Lion Gate at Mycenae?

The imposing gate of the citadel with the representation of the lionesses or lions was an emblem of the Mycenaean kings and a symbol of their power to both subjects and foreigners. It also has been argued that the lionesses (assuming they are not male lions) are a symbol of the goddess Hera.

How are Cycladic male figures typically depicted?

Cycladic marble figurines of abstract male and female forms have been found at burial sites. ... The female figurines depict a woman with her legs together and arms folded over her abdomen, with her breasts and pubic region emphasized. The male figures are often depicted sitting in a chair and playing a harp or a lyre .

What was the most common and widespread type of folded arm figurine in the Cyclades?

marble figurine

What city was the center of Minoan culture?

island of Crete

What was the cataclysmic event that ended the Minoan Protopalatial period?

The Protopalatial period ended in 1700 BCE when the palaces of the island were destroyed and life on the island was significantly disrupted. The unknown cataclysmic event is believed to be either an earthquake or an invasion.

What ended Minoan civilization?

Invasion by Mycenaeans - Complete destruction of the Minoan Civilization. ... Many years passed until the Minoan Civilization was completely destroyed. It is estimated that the palaces of the Minoan Civilization were destroyed almost 150 years after the volcanic eruption.

Why did the Minoan society collapse?

Evidence suggests that the Minoans disappeared so suddenly because of the massive volcanic eruption in the Santorini Islands. ... We know now that the Santorini eruption and the collapse of the volcanic cone into the sea caused tsunamis which devastated the coasts of Crete and other Minoan coastal towns.

Who defeated the Minoans?

The Minoan civilization began to weaken around 1450 BC. Archeologists think this might have been due to a natural disaster such as an earthquake. The Mycenaeans took over the islands of the Minoans and adopted much of the Minoan culture. They adapted the writing of the Minoans to their own language.

Is Knossos worth visiting?

Overall, definitely worth a visit. A great taste of history! Knossos is definitely a must visit attraction for most people who visit Crete. Although much of the site has been destroyed, you still get a great feel for what it must have been like.

How did the Mycenaean civilization collapse?

Suggestions from scholars to explain the general collapse of the Mycenaean culture (and other contemporary ones in the Mediterranean) include natural disaster (earthquakes, volcanic explosions, and tsunami), overpopulation, internal social and political unrest, invasion from foreign tribes such as the Sea Peoples, ...

Who held the most power in the Greek family?

Who held the most power in the Greek family? The man/husband.

What are the 5 Greek city states?

Ancient Greek city-states are known as polis. Although there were numerous city-states, the five most influential were Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Thebes, and Delphi.

Who was stronger Athens or Sparta?

Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. ... This made Sparta one of the safest cities to live in.