What were the 2 most powerful city-states in Greece?

What were the 2 most powerful city-states in Greece?

Of these, Athens and Sparta were the two most powerful city-states. Athens was a democracy and Sparta had two kings and an oligarchic system, but both were important in the development of Greek society and culture. What were some of the effects of the lack of a powerful central state?

What are the 5 Greek city-states?

Ancient Greek city-states are known as polis. Although there were numerous city-states, the five most influential were Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Thebes, and Delphi.

What type of government is run by the richest and most powerful citizens?

A plutocracy (Greek: πλοῦτος, ploutos, 'wealth' and κράτος, kratos, 'power') or plutarchy is a society that is ruled or controlled by people of great wealth or income. The first known use of the term in English dates from 1631.

Did Greece have kings?

From about 2000 B.C.E. to 800 B.C.E., most Greek city-states were ruled by monarchs—usually kings (the Greeks did not allow women to have power). At first, the Greek kings were chosen by the people of the city-state. When a king died, another leader was selected to take his place.

What did Sparta use to control citizens?

Spartan citizens were controlled by the strictures of laws and military traditions that they lived in.

What is a person who enforced laws and managed tax collection in Sparta?

Ephor. a person who enforced laws and managed tax collection in Sparta. Helot.

Do you believe the discipline system of Sparta would work in our school today why or why not address both the discipline by older students and the public discipline?

In Sparta, children were trained to be warriors. ... Moreover, older children were often allowed to punish younger ones. This system would not work in our schools because we now understand that children's development is quite complex, and that they require a certain level of kindness and safety to develop properly.

What did Athenians value most?

While Spartans valued military strength, Athenians placed a higher value on education and culture. Their main goal was building a democracy. Athenians believed that the only way to build a strong democracy was to create well informed citizens. Boys were educated.

Is Athens better than Sparta?

Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. ... This made Sparta one of the safest cities to live in.

Why did Sparta win the Peloponnesian War?

Originally Answered: Why did the Spartans win the peloponnesian war? Because they learned from their enemies the Athenians and eventually build up a professional and strong navy. The failure of the attempt by Athens to seize Syracuse (411 BCE) was probably the decisive event.

Why did Metics not have the full rights of citizens?

Metics could not own property, which was crippling in Athenian society, but they could hold jobs for property owners and they did have to pay a tax. ... Slaves were the property of their owners and could be bought and sold at any time. They held no enforceable legal rights and had no citizenship rights.

Did Metics have rights?

Although metics were barred from the assembly and from serving as jurors, they did have the same access to the courts as citizens. They could both prosecute others and be prosecuted themselves. A great many migrants came to Athens to do business and were in fact essential to the Athenian economy.

What did the Metics do?

Metic, Greek Metoikos, in ancient Greece, any of the resident aliens, including freed slaves. Metics were found in most states except Sparta. In Athens, where they were most numerous, they occupied an intermediate position between visiting foreigners and citizens, having both privileges and duties.

What is a free man born outside the city foreigner?

- people born outside Athens, - they were considered noncitizens, - worked as merchants and artisans, - they were free, but couldn't own land or take part in government, - they paid the same taxes as citizens.

What was the main difference between citizens and non-citizens in ancient Athens?

What was the main difference between citizens and non-citizens n ancient Athens? only citizens could live within the city walls. Why did women lack political rights?

How were foreigners treated in ancient Greece?

In and around Athens, there were tens of thousands of resident foreigners, known as metics. Some were non-Athenian Greeks. ... Metics had a citizen sponsor, registered with the authorities, and paid taxes. They got some legal protection but did not enjoy full citizen rights, such as voting and owning land.

Did Sparta allow foreigners?

Sparta: In Sparta non-citizens were women, slaves (called the helots), and Perioikoi (free men, usually foreigners). ... Spartan slaves, called, helots, did all the farming for the Spartans.