What is the literary meaning of Mesopotamia?

What is the literary meaning of Mesopotamia?

Mesopotamia (from the Greek, meaning 'between two rivers') was an ancient region located in the eastern Mediterranean bounded in the northeast by the Zagros Mountains and in the southeast by the Arabian Plateau, corresponding to today's Iraq, mostly, but also parts of modern-day Iran, Syria and Turkey.

Is Gupta lower caste?

They surnames include Aggarwal, Gupta, Lala, Seth, Vaish, Mahajan, Sahu and Sahukar. ... The Bania are Vaishya according to the Hindu caste system and third in hierarchy below Rajputs and Brahmins but higher than all other castes.

Is Gupta a Brahmin?

The most common surnames on India's corporate boards Agarwals and Guptas usually belong to the Hindu Baniya caste—communities traditionally involved in trade and commerce, and known for their business acumen.

Is Gupta a high caste name?

Gupta is one of the most common surnames in India that follow Hindu religion. ... But it is believed that Gupta belongs to Kshatriya caste and Baniya community has adopted this surname in north India.

Is Agarwal a high caste?

The work on Uttar Pradesh (Volume 42, Part 1) says the Agarwals are “the highest and most important sub-division of Banias". One branch of the community migrated to Rajasthan and are known as Marwaris. The other moved east and spread to Uttar Pradesh , Bihar and elsewhere.

Which caste is Goyal?

Goyal or alternative the, goel is one of the gotra of the Agrawal community. Literally, agrawal means the 'children of Agrasena' or the 'people of Agroha', a city in ancient Kuru Panchala, near Hisar in Haryana region said to be founded by Agrasena.

Is Kashyap a Brahmin surname?

Kashyap is originally one of the eight primary gotras (clans) of the Brahmins, being derived from Kashyapa, the name of a rishi (hermit) from whom the eponymous gotra Brahmins believe to have descended.

What are the 7 Gotras?

They are (1) Shandilya, (2) Gautama Maharishi, (3) Bharadwaja, (4) Vishvamitra, (5) Jamadagni, (6) Vashista, (7) Kashyapa and (8) Atri . To this list, Agastya is also sometimes added. These eight sages are called gotrakarins, from whom all 49 gotras (especially of the Brahmins) have evolved.

Is Mehra lower caste?

Mehra is a Indian last name belonging to the Kshatriya (in hindi) or Khatri (in Punjabi) caste. ... Some Mehra families also adapted the names Malhotra, Mehlotra or Mehrotra.

Which is the highest Brahmin caste?

In Hindu culture, the Brahmin caste considered to be the highest of the four major social classes of the Varna system. In Sanskrit, one of the meanings of the word Gotra is “a descendant through an unbroken patriline”.

Who is real Brahmin?

A TRUE Brahmin is one who has acquired brahminhood not by birth but through his noble actions. He who has gained Supreme Self-knowledge is a Brahmin. Vedas and Epics proclaim that there is no caste differentiation in the Brahminic State.

Which caste is top in Hindu?

At the top of the hierarchy were the Brahmins who were mainly teachers and intellectuals and are believed to have come from Brahma's head. Then came the Kshatriyas, or the warriors and rulers, supposedly from his arms. The third slot went to the Vaishyas, or the traders, who were created from his thighs.

Is Sharma a Brahmin?

Sharma is a Brahmin Hindu surname in India and Nepal. The Sanskrit stem ṣárman- (nom. ... Sarma is an alternative English spelling of the name. Some Assamese Brahmins also use Sarmah.

Is Sanjay Dutt a Brahmin?

Sanjay is the son of the late actors Nargis and Sunil Dutt, a Brahmin. He has two sisters, Priya Dutt and Namrata Dutt (Anju).

Which is the richest caste in India?

As they were from Persia , people here in India start calling them Parsis. They are exceptionally persevering and intelligent individuals. They worked very hard and established themselves as the richest community of India in terms of per capita income.

Which is the powerful caste in India?

Kshatriyas: They comprise very powerful castes as they are traditionally warriors and play a major role in defence. However, the role of defence is now largely submerged under the rule of land ownership. When castes form large majorities in a village, the village is generally known by the jati name of the Kshatriyas.