What are the major characteristics of baroque art?
Some of the qualities most frequently associated with the Baroque are grandeur, sensuous richness, drama, dynamism, movement, tension, emotional exuberance, and a tendency to blur distinctions between the various arts.
What was happening during the Baroque period?
The Baroque period saw an explosion of new musical styles with the introduction of the concerto, the sonata and the opera. The loosening of the Church's political control of Europe meant that non-religious music could now flourish, in particular instrumental music.
What is the texture of Baroque music?
Is Baroque music homophonic?
Baroque music is often polyphonic, while Classical is mainly homophonic. Baroque music can sound complicated, and quite weighty, while Classical music is lighter and more clearly structured, and it emphasises light elegance while still being energetic and lively.
What's the difference between Baroque and Renaissance music?
Renaissance music consisted of smooth regular flow of rhythm while baroque music was comprised of a metrical rhythm with varied motion. ... Melody with accompaniment was noted during the baroque period while the melody of renaissance music was much more of imitative counterpoint.
How important are the instrument in the Baroque period?
Like the lute, many keys could be struck on the harpsichord simultaneously to play chords, and for this reason the instrument played a key role in many of the orchestras and ensembles of the Baroque era. The harpsichord, like the organ, provided a ready source of continuous accompaniment to other instruments.
What was the first dance in a Baroque suite?
What forms are used in a Baroque suite?
The baroque suite typically started with a French overture, as in ballet and opera, a musical form divided into two parts that is usually enclosed by double bars and repeat signs. Suites were composed of four main movements: allemande, courante, sarabande, and gigue.
What is a suite in baroque music?
A Baroque Suite is a collection of baroque dances often preceded by a prelude. All pieces share the same key and are organized with contrasting tempo and time signatures. Other names for the suite are partita and sonata.
Which of the following dance types are in a standard Baroque suite?
A Typical Baroque Dance Suite
- Allemande (moderate speed)
- Courante (lively French dance in triple meter)
- Sarabande (Spanish dance; slow, triple meter)
- Gigue (upbeat, English translation is “jig”)
What is the one type of instrument that is found in all baroque ensembles?
The harpsichord was the primary keyboard instrument (and an important member of the continuo group), and instruments important in the 16th and 17th centuries like the lute and viol, still continued to be used. Variations in instruments still popular today also gave the baroque ensemble a different sound.
How many different Baroque styles of dance were there?
There are over 350 extant dances published in notation. There was a basic vocabulary of approximately twenty steps, though these were performed with many subtle variations and at least 20 different types of dances were notated, their names familiar from the dance suites of baroque composers.
Which baroque form is sacred text?
What is an example of ornamentation?
Ornamentation is the use of non-necessary musical flourishes, such as trills and grace notes, to the basic melody or harmony. These extra notes, which are not needed in order to carry the basic line of the music, "decorate" the music the way ornaments decorate a Christmas tree.
What was the role of the composers in Baroque period?
Composers used melodic patterns to evoke certain moods (affections). ... Rhythmic and melodic patterns are repeated throughout the composition. With the addition of instruments and the development of certain musical techniques (ex. basso continuo), music during the Baroque period became more intriguing.
What is a motet?
A motet is a sacred choral piece sung in several parts. In essence, the medieval motet represents the first great flowering of that distinctly Western innovation, polyphony. The term 'motet' appears to derive from the French 'mots' – 'words' – though the jury is still out on that.
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