What is the difference between cholera and Diarrhoea?

What is the difference between cholera and Diarrhoea?

Cholera is an infectious disease that causes severe watery diarrhea, which can lead to dehydration and even death if untreated. Dysentery is an intestinal inflammation, especially in the colon, that can lead to severe diarrhea with mucus or blood in the feces.

How do u get cholera?

A person can get cholera by drinking water or eating food contaminated with cholera bacteria. In an epidemic, the source of the contamination is usually the feces of an infected person that contaminates water or food.

What is the sickness cholera?

Cholera is an acute diarrheal illness caused by infection of the intestine with Vibrio cholerae bacteria. People can get sick when they swallow food or water contaminated with cholera bacteria. The infection is often mild or without symptoms, but can sometimes be severe and life-threatening.

What age is the TB vaccine given?

BCG vaccination is recommended for people aged 16 to 35 who are at occupational risk of TB exposure, including: laboratory staff who are in contact with blood, urine and tissue samples.

Where is TB most common?

Worldwide, TB is most common in Africa, the West Pacific, and Eastern Europe. These regions are plagued with factors that contribute to the spread of TB, including the presence of limited resources, HIV infection, and multidrug-resistant (MDR) TB.

Who is at high risk for tuberculosis?

Persons who have been Recently Infected with TB Bacteria Persons who have immigrated from areas of the world with high rates of TB. Children less than 5 years of age who have a positive TB test. Groups with high rates of TB transmission, such as homeless persons, injection drug users, and persons with HIV infection.

How many people died last year from tuberculosis?

Tuberculosis (TB) is an airborne infectious disease caused by bacteria that primarily affects the lungs. TB is curable and preventable, yet it is the number one infectious killer in the world, claiming 1.

Can a person have TB and not know it?

A person with latent, or inactive, TB will have no symptoms. You may still have a TB infection, but the bacteria in your body is not yet causing harm. Symptoms of active TB include: A cough that lasts more than three weeks.

How do TB symptoms start?

Signs and symptoms of active TB include: Coughing that lasts three or more weeks. Coughing up blood. Chest pain, or pain with breathing or coughing.

What is the fastest way to cure TB?

The usual treatment is:

  1. 2 antibiotics (isoniazid and rifampicin) for 6 months.
  2. 2 additional antibiotics (pyrazinamide and ethambutol) for the first 2 months of the 6-month treatment period.

What are the 3 types of tuberculosis?

Tuberculosis: Types

  • Active TB Disease. Active TB is an illness in which the TB bacteria are rapidly multiplying and invading different organs of the body. ...
  • Miliary TB. Miliary TB is a rare form of active disease that occurs when TB bacteria find their way into the bloodstream. ...
  • Latent TB Infection.

How many type of TB are there?

There are two types of TB conditions: TB disease and latent TB infection. But, if their TB germs become active, they can develop .

How can Tuberculosis be avoided?

Following are a few tips for minimizing your risk for pulmonary TB:

  1. Provide education on preventing TB like cough etiquette.
  2. Avoid extended close contact with someone who has TB.
  3. Air out rooms regularly.
  4. Cover your face with a mask that is approved for protection against TB.

How can I treat my TB at home?

Remain in your home. Take your TB medicines, eat healthy foods, and get plenty of rest. Wear a mask that covers your nose and mouth if you must go to medical appointments and when health care providers come to your home. Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough, sneeze, or laugh.

Can TB be cured in 3 months?

ATLANTA - Health officials on Monday celebrated a faster treatment for people who have tuberculosis but aren't infectious, after investigators found a new combination of pills knocks out the disease in three months instead of nine.

Can lungs recover after TB?

The resulting lung infection is called primary TB. Most people recover from primary TB infection without further evidence of the disease. The infection may stay inactive (dormant) for years. In some people, it becomes active again (reactivates).

Which fruits is good for TB?

How to create a healthy diet plan for a person with tuberculosis

  • Vegetables and fruits - leafy greens and antioxidant-rich fruits such as spinach, carrots, squash, peppers, tomatoes, blueberries, cherries, oranges, lemons, etc.
  • Whole grains - whole-wheat cereals.

Which food avoid in TB?

What food should be avoided by a person with TB

  • Alcohol in any form, as it increases the risk of drug toxicity.
  • Carbonated drinks.
  • Excess of tea and coffee, or their intake with food.
  • Tobacco and tobacco products.
  • An excess of spices & salt.