What causes cholera in water?
Cholera is caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. People become infected after eating food or drinking water that has been contaminated by the faeces of infected persons. Raw or undercooked seafood may be a source of infection in areas where cholera is prevalent and sanitation is poor.
Is cholera caused by dirty water?
Cholera is a bacterial disease usually spread through contaminated water. Cholera causes severe diarrhea and dehydration. Left untreated, cholera can be fatal within hours, even in previously healthy people. Modern sewage and water treatment have virtually eliminated cholera in industrialized countries.
How is cholera infected water treated?
Cholera can be simply and successfully treated by immediate replacement of the fluid and salts lost through diarrhea. Patients can be treated with oral rehydration solution (ORS), a prepackaged mixture of sugar and salts that is mixed with 1 liter of water and drunk in large amounts.
Does boiling water prevent cholera?
It is safe to drink and use bottled water with unbroken seals, and canned or bottled carbonated beverages. If bottled water is not available, use water that has been properly boiled, chlorinated, or filtered: Boiling is the most effective way to make water safe.
What is the deadliest disease?
The Top 10 Deadliest Diseases
- Respiratory illness.
- Alzheimer's disease.
Why did the 1918 flu kill so many?
Much of the high death rate can be attributed to crowding in military camps and urban environments, as well as poor nutrition and sanitation, which suffered during wartime. It's now thought that many of the deaths were due to the development of bacterial pneumonias in lungs weakened by influenza.
What is a pandemic CDC?
An influenza pandemic is a global outbreak of a new influenza A virus. Pandemics happen when new (novel) influenza A viruses emerge which are able to infect people easily and spread from person to person in an efficient and sustained way. The United States is NOT currently experiencing an influenza pandemic.
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