Who was Pericles and what did he do?

Who was Pericles and what did he do?

Pericles had such a profound influence on Athenian society that he was acclaimed by Thucydides, a contemporary historian, as "the first citizen of Athens". Pericles turned the Delian League into an Athenian empire and led his countrymen during the first two years of the Peloponnesian War.

Who are Iktinos and kallikrates?

The architects were Iktinos and Kallikrates (Vitruvius also names Karpion as an architect) and it was dedicated to the goddess Athena Pallas or Parthenos (virgin). The temple's main function was to shelter the monumental statue of Athena that was made by Pheidias out of gold and ivory.

What did the Parthenon mean to Athens?

The Parthenon was the center of religious life in the powerful Greek City-State of Athens, the head of the Delian League. Built in the 5 century B.C., it was a symbol of the power, wealth and elevated culture of Athens. It was the largest and most lavish temple the Greek mainland had ever seen.

What does Magrippalfcostertivmfecit mean?

Across the top of the pantheon it says “MAGRIPPALFCOSTERTIVMFECIT” which translates to: “M(arcus) Agrippa, son (F) of Lucius (L), Consul (COS) for the third time (Tertium), built this.” Apparently this is misleading, as Agrippa did not build this Pantheon.

What is the writing on the Pantheon?

View Article: The Pantheon. The inscription on the Pantheon translates to: "Marcus Agrippa, the son of Lucius, three times consul, built this." The inscription was a source of confusion for a long time regarding the origins of the building.

Who attacked Rome continuously in the 5th and 6th centuries?

Rome Quiz
Who attacked Rome continuously in the 5th and 6th CenturiesBarbarians
The emperor Vespasian built this with labor and money from JudeaColosseum
This was the underground level of the Colosseum that housed trap doors for animals and gladiatorsHypogeum

What is the true content of the pantheon?

Made primarily from bricks and concrete, the Pantheon consists of three sections: a portico with granite columns, a massive domed rotunda and a rectangular area connecting the other two sections. Measuring 142 feet in diameter, the domed ceiling was the largest of its kind when it was built.

Who builds pantheon?

statesman Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa

Is the interior of the Pantheon original?

Interior: the dome The Pantheon may well be the first building from Classical architecture where the interior is deliberately made to outshine the exterior. The circular part of the building or rotunda was entranced via two bronze doors measuring 12 x 7.

Why did the pantheon need such a thick wall?

The thick wall acts much like a buttress in supporting a thrust from the dome. To locate these niches, view the circular plan of the rotunda with a set of axes at the major compass points, one of these niches is at each end of a major axis (4 in number). ... Two granite columns help support the ceiling in the niches.

Why did Rome need aqueducts?

The Romans constructed aqueducts throughout their Republic and later Empire, to bring water from outside sources into cities and towns. Aqueduct water supplied public baths, latrines, fountains, and private households; it also supported mining operations, milling, farms, and gardens.