Who is douglas crawford?

Who is douglas crawford?

Douglas Crockford is an American computer programmer and entrepreneur who is involved in the development of the JavaScript language....
Douglas Crockford
Born1955 (age 65–66) Minnesota
Alma materSan Francisco State University
OccupationSenior JavaScript Architect
EmployerPayPal

What is cervical dystonia?

Cervical dystonia, also called spasmodic torticollis, is a painful condition in which your neck muscles contract involuntarily, causing your head to twist or turn to one side.

How do you get rid of cervical dystonia?

Botulinum toxin injections are the treatment of choice for focal dystonia, which is the neck and head in cervical dystonia. Botulinum toxin is a neurotoxin that is injected into the dystonic neck muscles in small doses.

What is the best medication for dystonia?

Treatment

  • Carbidopa-levodopa (Duopa, Rytary, others). This medication can increase levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine.
  • Trihexyphenidyl and benztropine (Cogentin). ...
  • Tetrabenazine (Xenazine) and deutetrabenazine (Austedo). ...
  • Diazepam (Valium), clonazepam (Klonopin) and baclofen (Lioresal, Gablofen).

Does magnesium help dystonia?

Magnesium is used to treat Restless Leg Syndrome as well as slight muscle cramping, Charlie horse or strains from over exercising. Doses of magnesium will likely NOT put a stop to your dystonic symptoms. There are many ways to add more magnesium to your diet, if you wish to.

How do you stop a dystonia attack?

Treating dystonia

  1. botulinum toxin – widely used to treat neurological conditions that involve abnormal muscle contractions, such as dystonia; it's injected into the affected muscles to temporarily weaken them and reduce spasms.
  2. medication – such as anticholinergics, Baclofen and muscle relaxants.

How serious is dystonia?

Is dystonia fatal? In the overwhelming majority of people with dystonia, it does not shorten life expectancy or result in death. In very severe generalized dystonia that affects many body areas, there can be problems that arise secondary to the dystonia that may cause life-threatening conditions.

Is Dystonia a symptom of MS?

Tremor, the most common movement disorder in MS, can be the least treatable and most debilitating symptom of MS. Other movement disorders seen in MS include: tonic spasms (spasticity), focal dystonia, focal/segmental myoclonus, chorea, parkinsonism and restless leg syndrome.

What triggers dystonia?

Some causes of acquired dystonia include birth injury (including hypoxia, a lack of oxygen to the brain, and neonatal brain hemorrhage), certain infections, reactions to certain drugs, heavy metal or carbon monoxide poisoning, trauma, or stroke.

How painful is dystonia?

The disorder is usually not associated with pain, but it certainly may lead to pain in affected areas. Cervical dystonia can be particularly painful due to degeneration of the spine, irritation of nerve roots or frequent headaches. Limb dystonia may not cause pain initially but may become painful over time.

Is Dystonia a form of Parkinson's?

Curled, clenched toes or a painful cramped foot are telltale signs of dystonia. Dystonia is a sustained or repetitive muscle twisting, spasm or cramp that can occur at different times of day and in different stages of Parkinson's disease (PD). For example, dystonia is a common early symptom of young-onset Parkinson's.

Does dystonia show up on an MRI?

Brains with Dystonia disease appear normal under a CT scan; however, the scan may reveal other conditions. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses magnetic fields and radio-frequency waves to create a detailed image of the brain. This test can be used to identify other conditions such as stroke or tumors in the brain.

Is Dystonia a disability?

Dystonia, which comes in several forms from mild to chronic, one of the most insidious and lesser known of the movement control diseases, can also be classed as a “hidden” disability.

Is Dystonia a mental illness?

Dystonia is a neurological disorder that affects the physical body, but the impact goes far deeper and may affect a person's emotional and mental health. Individuals diagnosed with dystonia commonly experience symptoms that affect more than how the body moves.

Is Dystonia a chronic neurological condition?

Dystonia is the name for uncontrolled and sometimes painful muscle movements (spasms). It's usually a lifelong problem, but treatment can help relieve the symptoms.

Is dystonia an autoimmune disease?

Conclusions: Generalized dystonia could be related to an autoimmune process. Patients with AD could potentially be misclassified as idiopathic and subsequently fail to receive proper treatment. Despite a significant delay in therapy, patients with AD may respond well to immunomodulators with a favorable outcome.

What autoimmune disease causes tremors?

Graves' disease is an autoimmune disease that affects the thyroid. Some of the symptoms of Graves' disease include hand tremors, rapid heartbeat, trouble sleeping, enlarged thyroid, thinning of the skin or fine brittle hair.

Is there a cure for focal dystonia?

There is no current cure for focal dystonias, either through medical or at-home treatments. However, there are some treatment approaches that have been met with success. These include taking medications known as anticholinergics. Doctors may prescribe a medication called Artane (trihexyphenidyl), an anticholinergic.

How fast does dystonia progress?

Dystonic symptoms typically occur between 2-24 hours after the first drug dose is administered. Signs may persist for hours or even days and the intensity of the symptoms vary. The way the drug affects a person is often age-related.

Can CBD oil help with dystonia?

Although the studies are scarce, CBD seems to be effective on treating dystonic movements, both primary and secondary. It is noteworthy that in some cases, particularly concerning multiple sclerosis and HD, the clinical beneficial effects are observed only when CBD is combined with Δ9-THC in a 1:1 ratio (Sativex).

Does dystonia worsen with age?

Torsion dystonia is a very rare disorder. It affects the entire body and seriously disables the person who has it. Symptoms generally appear in childhood and get worse as the person ages.

Does dystonia make you tired?

Dystonia affects how your body moves. The condition makes muscles involuntarily contract and can result in pain, fatigue, and exhaustion.

Can anxiety cause dystonia?

However, psychogenic dystonia can occur with or without psychological symptoms. Furthermore, other forms of dystonia are often accompanied by psychological symptoms such as anxiety and depression. The psychiatrist has an important role to play in assessing the person's psychological state.

Are you born with dystonia?

Dystonia may get worse over time or it may stay the same or get better. Some children are born with dystonia. Dystonia may also appear as a child or an adult gets older.

What drugs can cause dystonia?

High potency antipsychotic drugs such as haloperidol, fluphenazine, and pimozide cause dystonia more frequently than do low potency drugs such as chlorpromazine and thioridazine.

Does chorea go away in sleep?

Overall, chorea can affect various body parts, and interfere with speech, swallowing, posture and gait, and disappears in sleep.

Which medication is associated with the highest risk of tardive dyskinesia?

Medicines that most commonly cause this disorder are older antipsychotics, including: Chlorpromazine. Fluphenazine. Haloperidol.

Does Benadryl help with dystonia?

Results: Diphenhydramine therapy was associated with minimal side effects, and it was most effective in treating patients with dystonia who experienced lightning jerks. Treatment with intravenous diphenhydramine may have a predictive value on a future response to oral therapy.

Can you reverse dystonia?

Anticholinergic agents and benzodiazepines are the most commonly used agents to reverse or reduce symptoms in an acute dystonic reaction. Acute dystonic reactions are often transient but can cause significant distress to the patient.

Does exercise help dystonia?

Exercise therapy can help to manage dystonia. While exercise doesn't treat the dystonia itself, it does help to alleviate the symptoms. Symptoms which are positively affected by exercise include poor balance, rigid or poor posture, reduced mobility, and low stamina.