Why was the Battle of Vimy Ridge so important to Canada?

Why was the Battle of Vimy Ridge so important to Canada?

Vimy Ridge was a particularly important tactical feature. ... Its capture by the Canadians was essential to the advances by the British Third Army to the south and of exceptional importance to checking the German attacks in the area in 1918.

What is Vimy Ridge known for?

The Battle of Vimy Ridge was fought during the First World War from 9 to 12 April 1917. It is Canada's most celebrated military victory — an often mythologized symbol of the birth of Canadian national pride and awareness. ... More than 10,600 Canadians were killed and wounded in the assault.

What happened in the Vimy Ridge battle?

The Battle of Vimy Ridge began at 5:30 a.m. on Easter Monday, April 9, 1917. The first wave of 000 Canadian soldiers, many heavily laden with equipment, attacked through the wind-driven snow and sleet into the face of deadly machine gun fire.

Who won Vimy Ridge?


How many died at Vimy Ridge?


Were there trenches in Vimy Ridge?

The Trenches at Vimy The Canadian trenches at Vimy Ridge were, in some places, uncomfortably close to German trenches. In certain areas, there was literally a stone's (or grenade's) throw distance across a crater between the two front lines. Rebuilt trenches at Vimy.

What is the creeping barrage Vimy Ridge?

The Canadians also planned to use a tactic called the “creeping barrage”. The goal of the creeping barrage was to create a line of shellfire just in front of the Canadian troops and then keep it moving forward like a shield so that the soldiers could move behind it, across the battlefield.

Is Vimy Ridge part of Canada?

The ground on which the Vimy Monument sits, as well as the surrounding 100 hectares of land, were given to Canada by France in 1922 in gratitude for sacrifices made by Canada in the First World War and for the victory achieved by Canadian troops in capturing Vimy Ridge in April 1917 1.

How many soldiers fought in Vimy Ridge?

Battle of Vimy Ridge
4 Canadian divisions 1 British division Total: 170,000 men3 divisions Total: men
Casualties and losses
3,598 dead 7,004 woundedUnknown casualties 4,000 captured

How did Canada win Vimy Ridge?

Renewed attacks were mounted using troops that were originally scheduled to attack the Pimple. Finally, in the afternoon of April 10, a fresh assault by a relieving brigade cleared the summit of Hill 145 and thus placed the whole of Vimy Ridge in Canadian hands.

What did Arthur Currie do in Vimy Ridge?

A Brilliant Corps Commander When Byng was promoted to army command after his Canadians had successfully stormed Vimy Ridge in April 1917, Currie was appointed in June to head the Canadian Corps. The first and only Canadian soldier to occupy the post, Currie proved an excellent corps commander.

What battalions fought at Vimy Ridge?

Battle of Vimy Ridge – Battle Honour Regiments
Primary Reserve UnitLocation
The Royal Canadian HussarsMontreal, QC
4th Battalion, The Royal Canadian RegimentLondon, ON
The Royal Hamilton Light InfantryHamilton, ON
The Royal Montreal RegimentWestmount, QC

Where is Vimy Ridge located?


What weapons were used in the Battle of Vimy Ridge?


  • Trench Weapons.
  • Grenades.
  • Underground Mining.
  • Artillery and Mortars.
  • Machine-Guns.
  • Poison Gas.
  • Rifles.
  • Tanks and Armoured Vehicles.

When did Vimy Ridge end?

Ap – Ap

How was Vimy Ridge a turning point in ww1?

Background: Vimy Ridge was an important stretch of land located in France near Arras. It stretched seven kilometres and was a clear vantage point for whoever controlled it. The height of the Ridge allowed for the Germans to see coming attacks easily making the job of the Allies harder.

Who was Sir Julian Byng?

As commander of the Canadian Corps from May 1916 to June 1917, Byng transformed the Canadians into a well-trained and effective striking force whose victory at Vimy was one of most spectacular “set-piece” attacks of the war.

Who was the Canadian lieutenant general who planned the attack on Vimy Ridge?

Sir Julian Byng

What rifle did Canada use in ww2?

Lee-Enfield Rifle

What rifles did they use in ww1?

The rifles most commonly used by the major combatants were, among the Allies, the Lee-Enfield . 303 (Britain and Commonwealth), Lebel and Berthier 8mm (France), Mannlicher–Carcano M1891, 6.

What is trench warfare?

: warfare in which the opposing forces attack and counterattack from a relatively permanent system of trenches protected by barbed-wire entanglements.

Do any ww1 trenches still exist?

There are a small number of places where sections of trench lines can still be visited. ... Nevertheless, there are still remains of trenches to be found in remote parts of the battlefields such as the woods of the Argonne, Verdun and the mountains of the Vosges.

What ended trench warfare?

Attacks, even if successful, often sustained severe casualties. The development of armoured warfare and combined arms tactics permitted static lines to be bypassed and defeated, leading to the decline of trench warfare after the war.

Who has the best trenches in ww1?

Simple answer: Germany, by far. Why? Because Germany recognized, at the beginning of stalemate in late '14, that frontal assault was suicide, and that defensive warfare was far more economical and efficient, unlike the allies who kept trying for the “great breakthrough”.

Why did they build trenches in ww1?

The WWI trenches were built as a system, in a zigzag pattern with many different levels along the lines. ... These were meant to protect the soldiers' feet from the water in the trenches to try and prevent Trench Foot. The trenches were dug by soldiers and there were three ways to dig them.

What was the morning hate?

THE MORNING HATE A typical day in the trenches would begin early, with the "stand to". ... Sometimes, "stand to" was accompanied by a volley of indiscriminate gunfire into No Man's Land, a tension-killing exercise dubbed the "morning hate".

What were common problems in the trenches?

Disease and 'shell shock' were rampant in the trenches. With soldiers fighting in close proximity in the trenches, usually in unsanitary conditions, infectious diseases such as dysentery, cholera and typhoid fever were common and spread rapidly./span>

How did soldiers deal with rats in the trenches?

Cats and terriers were kept by soldiers in the frontline trenches to help free them of disease-carrying rats. The terriers were actually very effective in killing rats./span>

Did soldiers eat rats in ww1?

Rats crawled around in the trenches, soldiers tried to kill them and eat them for food because they didn`t have much to eat.

What did soldiers eat in the trenches?

The bulk of their diet in the trenches was bully beef (caned corned beef), bread and biscuits. By the winter of 1916 flour was in such short supply that bread was being made with dried ground turnips. The main food was now a pea-soup with a few lumps of horsemeat.