What is the difference between Chaitya and Vihara?

What is the difference between Chaitya and Vihara?

Viharas were for the purpose of living, Chaityas were assemblies for the purpose of discussions. Further, Chaityas were with Stupas, Viharas did not have stupas. Chaitya was a rectangular prayer hall with a stupa placed in the centre, the purpose was prayer. ...

What is the origin of the word Chaitya?

The word chaitya has its roots in sanskrit chita ~ meaning a pyre or a pile of ashes. The ancient rock-cut buddhist caves of Ajanta... 10.

Where is Chaitya Hall?


What is a stupa in Buddhism?

Stupa, Buddhist commemorative monument usually housing sacred relics associated with the Buddha or other saintly persons. ... The hemispherical form of the stupa appears to have derived from pre-Buddhist burial mounds in India.

Who donated the land for most of the Jaina and Buddhist monasteries?

Later, many monks and nuns realised that they needed permanent shelters and so monasteries known as viharas were built out of either rock or wood. The land on which a vihara was built was usually donated by a rich landlord or a king. The local people came with clothes, food, and other gifts to learn from the monks.

How did the Buddhist monks probably use the Viharas and Chaityas?

Answer. Chaityas were used for the purpose of the prayer only. While Viharas are the place where the monks used to wander from different places and stay at some place during the rainy season. The kings that were a follower of patronising build it for the monks as their contribution to the religion./span>

Who donated land for building Viharas?

many monks and nuns realised that they needed permanent shelters and so monasteries known as viharas were built out of either rock or wood. The land on which a vihara was built was usually donated by a rich landlord or a king./span>

What were the permanent shelters of the monks called?

Monasteries:- • Their supporters built permanent shelters for them. These shelters of the monks and nun were called as Monasteries. These were also known as Viharas. Viharas were made of wood and then in brick and even in caves.

In which of the following caves Buddhist monks resides?

The Ajanta Caves are 30 rock-cut Buddhist cave monument built under the Vakatakas. A monastery, or vihara, with its square hall surrounded by monks' cells. Ajanta Caves, no.

What is the difference between a Buddhist and a monk?

What is the difference between Buddhist monk and a common follower of Buddhism? ... In those schools of Buddhism where the monks take the full monastic precepts they are celibate, usually live in monasteries, and are technically only allowed a very few personal necessities for their own possessions.

How do Buddhist temples make money?

Monks are suppose to live on donations, in the form of food only for their daily meals, and donations money received by the temple or monastery is just for upkeeping of the premise. In return, the monks return the favour to society in the form of Buddhism teaching or knowledge sharing. Donations.

Why are temples important in Buddhist worship?

Buddhist temples are built so that they represent the five elements of wisdom, water, fire, wind and earth. Temples are vital for Buddhist life as they allow Buddhists to meet with likeminded people and study the religion.

How do Buddhist pray at home?

Buddhist worship at home or at a temple. Worshippers may sit on the floor barefoot facing an image of Buddha and chanting. It is very important that their feet face away from the image of Buddha. They listen to monks chanting from religious texts and take part in prayers.

How do Mahayana Buddhist worship?

Worship in Mahayana tradition takes the form of devotion to Buddha and to Bodhisattvas. Worshippers may sit on the floor barefoot facing an image of Buddha and chanting. They will listen to monks chanting from religious texts, perhaps accompanied by instruments, and take part in prayers./span>

Why don t Americans take their shoes off?

In America, taking your shoes off indicates a certain level of intimacy and casual comfort. In your own home, you can take off your shoes and run around in socks or barefoot if you want. In another person's home, not so much. Taking your shoes off in someone else's home without asking would be considered rude.

Can you wear a hat in a Buddhist temple?

Hats and shoes should always be removed before entering a temple. You can leave your shoes outside the temple in the designated area and hold your hat in your hands or put it away during your visit. ... “If you climb a pagoda with your shoes on, then we have to take legal action.”/span>

How do you greet a Buddhist?

There are a few different ways to greet someone in Buddhism. Probably the most universal way is to say "Namo Buddhaya" ("A bow to the Buddha"). Pure Land Buddhists might prefer to say "Namo 'Mitabhaya" ("A bow to Amitabha"). Or you can say "hello" in your own language./span>

Can I go to Buddhist temple during periods?

In Buddhism (Theravada or Hinayana) menstruation is viewed as "a natural physical excretion that women have to go through on a monthly basis, nothing more or less". However, in certain branches of Japanese Buddhism, menstruating women are banned from attending temples.

How do you greet a Buddhist nun?

Ideally, you should only bow at about a 45-degree angle, rather than dipping your whole torso to the ground. Bow for a couple of seconds and return to the standing position. Once you have completed the bow, you will have respectfully greeted the Buddhist monk./span>

What do you call a Buddhist nun?

Tỉ-khâu-ni. Glossary of Buddhism. A bhikkhunī (Pali) or bhikṣuṇī (Sanskrit) is a fully ordained female monastic in Buddhism. Male monastics are called bhikkhus. Both bhikkhunis and bhikkhus live by the Vinaya, a set of rules.

Do Buddhist monks shake hands?

“In this culture, people like to give a hug in friendship, but monks don't do that. We don't even shake hands," said Bhante Kusala (photo 1), who is studying at the Divinity School./span>

How do you address a Buddhist monk in English?

When people write a title of a monk in English they sometimes use the word “venerable” before their names. A title “the most venerable” often refers to a senior monk or an abbot of a temple. However, some people prefer to put use a title in a local language such as “phra” or “ajarn” (in Thai means “teacher”)./span>

How do you address a Buddhist monk in an email?

I would go with "Dear Ajahn" or "Dear Venerable". Ajahn is the Thai forest version of venerable, basically. "Bhante" is more informal. Ajahn for addressing men.

How do you address a monk?

Senior Member Catholic and Orthodox priests are addressed as "Father". High Church Anglican clergy are also called "Father". Monks are often addressed as "Brother"./span>

What is the title for a monk?

monk's title
Monk's title
Monks' titles