What is a Chaitya and a Vihara?

What is a Chaitya and a Vihara?

Chaityas were the place of worship in Buddhism, whereas Viharas were dwelling place of monks.

What is the biggest Buddhist temple in the world?

Borobudur

Which is the largest Buddhist monastery in the world?

Tawang Monastery

What is the oldest monastery in the world?

Monastery of Saint Anthony

Are Buddhist allowed to eat meat?

Five ethical teachings govern how Buddhists live. One of the teachings prohibits taking the life of any person or animal. ... Buddhists with this interpretation usually follow a lacto-vegetarian diet. This means they consume dairy products but exclude eggs, poultry, fish, and meat from their diet.

What is the biggest stupa in the world?

Jetavanaramaya

Can you go inside a stupa?

Now this will sound funny, but you can't actually enter the stupa. The anda isn't hollow - there's no doorway leading inside. It's a solid mound of dirt, and contains relics of the Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama. Basically, you go through a torana and you've entered the stupa.

What's inside a stupa?

At its simplest, a stupa is a dirt burial mound faced with stone. In Buddhism, the earliest stupas contained portions of the Buddha's ashes, and as a result, the stupa began to be associated with the body of the Buddha. Adding the Buddha's ashes to the mound of dirt activated it with the energy of the Buddha himself.

What is inside Sanchi Stupa?

Sanchi Stupa Information. When Ashoka built the Great Stupa, he had at the nucleus a huge hemispherical brick dome covering the relics of Lord Buddha, with an elevated terrace surrounding the base, a balustrade, and a chatra or stone umbrella on the top to indicate high rank.

Who destroyed the Sanchi Stupa?

Emperor Pushyamitra Shunga

What is Sanchi famous for?

Sanchi is famous in the world for stupas, monolithic Asokan pillar, temples, monasteries and sculptural wealth dating from 3rd century B.C. to 12th century A.D.

Which is the most impressive part of the Sanchi Stupa?

The Great Stupa at Sanchi is one of the oldest stone structures in India, and an important monument of Indian Architecture. It was originally commissioned by the emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BCE. Its nucleus was a simple hemispherical brick structure built over the relics of the Buddha.

Which year Sanchi was discovered after being abandoned for nearly 600 years?

1818

What are the two main features of Sanchi Stupa?

two important features of the sanchi stupa are: 1. the stupa is a semi spherical solid dome like structure containing the relics of buddha like hair, teeth and bones. 2. the stupas at sanchi, bharhut and amravati are remarkable specimens of art surviving upto this day.

What does the symbol of stupa stand for?

The stupa itself is a symbol of the Buddha, and more accurately, of his enlightened mind and presence. ... The mound itself is said to represent the form of the seated Buddha, meditating and striving towards enlightenment.

Where are stupas located?

Great Stupa, the most noteworthy of the structures at the historic site of Sanchi in Madhya Pradesh state, India. It is one of the oldest Buddhist monuments in the country and the largest stupa at the site.

How many stupas are there?

17 stupas

What is a chorten?

: a Lamaist shrine or monument.

What is a Buddhist Chorten?

Stupa (Chorten in Tibetan) is an important religious monument in Tibet. This unique religious architectural form expresses significant religious symbolism and presents Buddha's physical presence. It generally consists of three parts; a whitewashed base, a whitewashed cylinder and a crowning steeple or shaft.

Why were the stupas built?

Buddhist stupas were originally built to house the earthly remains of the historical Buddha and his associates and are almost invariably found at sites sacred to Buddhism. The concept of a relic was afterward extended to include sacred texts. ... Stupas were also built by adherents of Jainism to commemorate their saints.

What is a gompa in Buddhism?

Gompas or Gönpas (Tibetan: དགོན་པ།, Wylie: dgon pa "remote place", Sanskrit araṇya), also known as ling (Wylie: gling), are Buddhist ecclesiastical fortifications of learning, lineage and sādhanā that may be understood as a conflation of a fortification, a vihara and a university associated with Tibetan Buddhism and ...

Which is a famous Gompa?

Diskit Gompa

What is a Buddhist temple called?

A Buddhist temple or Buddhist monastery, is the place of worship for Buddhists, the followers of Buddhism. They include the structures called vihara, chaitya, stupa, wat and pagoda in different regions and languages. ... Traditional Buddhist temples are designed to inspire inner and outer peace.

Why is a statue used in Buddhist worship?

Shrine – the site of a statue or image of the Buddha , either within a temple or vihara, or alone. Offerings (such as flowers, food and incense) are often made to the statue or image to show gratitude and respect. ... Meditation halls – meditation is very important in Buddhism.