What was the architecture of Chaityas and monasteries?

What was the architecture of Chaityas and monasteries?

Features of the Chaityas and Viharas 1. A square mandapa was constructed inside the cave, which was surrounded by the dwelling places for the monks. 2. Initially the Chaitya and Vihara architecture was concerned with the wooden architecture, but over the time, the rock-cut caves came into prominence.

What is the difference between Chaitya and vihara caves?

Viharas were for the purpose of living, Chaityas were assemblies for the purpose of discussions. Further, Chaityas were with Stupas, Viharas did not have stupas. ... Chaitya was a rectangular prayer hall with a stupa placed in the centre, the purpose was prayer./span>

What is the difference between Ajanta and Ellora caves?

While Ajanta is mostly about beautiful paintings made on cave walls on the theme of Buddhism, Ellora is all about sculpture and architecture belonging to three different religions prevailing in the country during those times—Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism. ... There were two types of caves—Vihara and Chaitya griha./span>

What are the main characteristics of Ajanta Arts?

Paintings and rock figures in the cave recognized to be prize work of art of Buddhism. The most splendid work in Ajanta is paintings which completely cover the walls and vaults. The theme of the paintings had an educational function, presenting to the community the teachings of Buddha and his various reincarnations./span>

What are the two features of Ajanta paintings?

Most of the Ajanta paintings were done in the light of torches, as caves used to be dark from inside. The colours used in the paintings were made of plants and minerals and are vivid even after 1500 years./span>

What is the main subject matter of Ajanta paintings?

The Ajanta Caves constitute ancient monasteries and worship-halls of different Buddhist traditions carved into a 75-metre (246 ft) wall of rock. The caves also present paintings depicting the past lives and rebirths of the Buddha, pictorial tales from Aryasura's Jatakamala, and rock-cut sculptures of Buddhist deities.

Who made Ajanta Ellora caves?

Krishna I

Which is the oldest cave painting?

Maltravieso cave

What do you call cave drawings?

Cave or rock paintings are paintings painted on cave or rock walls and ceilings, usually dating to prehistoric times. Rock paintings have been made since the Upper Paleolithic, 40,000 years ago. It is widely believed that the paintings are the work of respected elders or shamans. ...

What did cave artists draw?

Most cave art consists of paintings made with either red or black pigment. The reds were made with iron oxides (hematite), whereas manganese dioxide and charcoal were used for the blacks.

What colors were used the most in their cave art?

The most notable thing about cave art is that the predominant colours used are black (often from charcoal, soot, or manganese oxide), yellow ochre (often from limonite), red ochre (haematite, or baked limonite), and white (kaolin clay, burnt shells, calcite, powdered gypsum, or powdered calcium carbonate).

Why did early humans paint on cave walls Class 6?

Answer: The early humans painted on cave walls to express their feelings, depict their lives, events and their daily activities. Hunting wild animals and gathering food for their survival was the most important activity.

What did they use to paint the Lascaux caves?

The pigments used to paint Lascaux and other caves were derived from readily available minerals and include red, yellow, black, brown, and violet. No brushes have been found, so in all probability the broad black outlines were applied using mats of moss or hair, or even with chunks of raw color.

What animal is not found in Lascaux?

At Lascaux, bison, aurochs and ibex are not represented side by side. Conversely, one can note a bison-horses-lions system and an aurochs-horses-deer-bears system, these animals being frequently associated.