What are Chaityas and Viharas?

What are Chaityas and Viharas?

There are mainly two types of distinct architecture related to the caves, i.e. Chaitya and Viharas. Chaityas were the place of worship in Buddhism, whereas Viharas were dwelling place of monks.

Why is Ajanta famous?

A set of 29 caves, Ajanta is among the finest examples of some of the earliest Buddhist architecture, cave paintings and sculptures. These caves comprise Chaitya halls or shrines, dedicated to Lord Buddha and Viharas or monasteries, used by Buddhist monks for meditation and the study of Buddhist teachings.

Why are the Jataka Tales important?

The Jatakas are an important part of Buddhist art and literature. ... These stories tell us how practicing different perfections or transcendental virtues (which are usually termed paramitas) are key to Buddhist approaches for attaining enlightenment (moksha) or the release from samsara, the endless cycle of rebirth.

How do the Jataka tales throw light on this age?

The stories about the birth of Buddha in his previous lives are preserved in the jatakas. It also included moral lessons and ethical teachings. The stories in the Jatakas are important as they throw light on the common life of the people, their economic conditions,social manners and customs.

What is the theme of the Hare's self sacrifice?

“The Hare's self-sacrifice” emphasizes sacrifice and honor where the hare becomes food for the beggar and the hare was not compelled to do so. Bodhisattva was in the form of a hare, and after sacrificing himself Sakka, the king of gods rewarded him for being selfless.

What is the meaning of jataka?

: any of some 550 birth stories or narratives of former incarnations of Gautama Buddha collected in Buddhist sacred writings.

Who was responsible for the spread of Buddhism?

Ashoka

What caused Buddhism to spread?

Buddhism spread across Asia through networks of overland and maritime routes between India, Southeast Asia, Central Asia, and China. The transmission of Buddhism to Central Asia and China corresponded with the development of the silk routes as channels for intercultural exchanges.

Why are there no Buddhist in India?

The decline of Buddhism has been attributed to various factors, especially the regionalisation of India after the end of the Gupta Empire (320–650 CE), which led to the loss of patronage and donations as Indian dynasties turned to the services of Hindu Brahmins.

What caused the shift from Hinduism to Buddhism?

The shift took place in 300 BC where Buddhism became very popular because Emperor Ashoka was facilitating its expansion. But up to present, Hinduism still remains as the dominant religion of India. In other parts of the world like Tibet and China, Buddhism is the dominant religion.

Why did Hinduism not spread like Buddhism?

One of the major reasons because of which Hinduism did not spread to countries outside the Indian subcontinent is the lack of effective translation of the Vedas, Upanishads, etc to languages outside India and a great dependence on Sanskrit during the revival after 10th Century AD.

Who destroyed Buddhist temples?

Ikhtiar Uddin Muhammad Bin Bakhtiyar Khilji

Why did the Kings destroy the temples of others?

Kings built temples to demonstrate their devotion to God and their power and wealth to the subjects of their kingdom. However, when another king attacked, he destroyed the temples created by the previous king to degrade him and show off his power.