What is the meaning of Chaitya?

What is the meaning of Chaitya?

A chaitya, chaitya hall, chaitya-griha, (Sanskrit:Caitya; Pāli: Cetiya) refers to a shrine, sanctuary, temple or prayer hall in Indian religions. ... In the historical texts of Jainism and Hinduism, including those relating to architecture, chaitya refers to a temple, sanctuary or any sacred monument.

Which Colours were used most in Ajanta painting?

The main colours used were red ochre, yellow ochre, brown ochre, lamp black, white and lapis lazuli which was imported from Northern India, central Asia and Persia. The green was made by mixing this lapis lazuli with Indian yellow ochre.

What is the theme of Ajanta paintings?

The second phase of paintings in these caves can be analyzed from the images of the Buddhas. The themes of these paintings include stories from the life of Buddha and the Jatakas. There are some paintings that occupy full wall of the caves such as Mahajanaka Jataka, Simhala Avadana, and Vidhurpandita Jataka.

What are the two features of Ajanta painting?

Most of the Ajanta paintings were done in the light of torches, as caves used to be dark from inside. The colours used in the paintings were made of plants and minerals and are vivid even after 1500 years.

What are the characteristics of Ajanta?

Answer. They are an example of one of Indian's unique artistic traditions known as rock cut temples. Ajanta consists of thirty caves, each dedicated to the life of the Buddha. Each cave is filled with sculpture, wall murals, and ceiling paintings.

What is jataka in English?

Jataka in American English ( ˈdʒɑːtəkə) Buddhism. a collection of fables, many concerning former lives of the Buddha.

What are the themes of Jataka tales?

The characters are the archetypes of everyday life in ancient India – animals, kings, priests and so on. The protagonist is invariably an incarnation of the Buddha prior to his enlightenment. Each life is, in its own way, a message. The themes are moral, and sometimes rather dark.

What are the main tenets of Buddhism?

The Basic Teachings of Buddha which are core to Buddhism are: The Three Universal Truths; The Four Noble Truths; and • The Noble Eightfold Path.

What are Jatakas in history?

Jataka, (Pali and Sanskrit: “Birth”) any of the extremely popular stories of former lives of the Buddha, which are preserved in all branches of Buddhism. Some Jataka tales are scattered in various sections of the Pali canon of Buddhist writings, including a group of 35 that were collected for didactic purposes.

What do you know about Jatakas?

Jatakas were stories composed by ordinary people, and they were written and preserved by Buddhist monks. Sculptures were also carved on railings and pillars of buildings. They showed the lives of the earliest peoples of towns, villages, and forests.

What are the characteristics of Gandhara style?

Gandhara Style has naturalism in body form, drapery, and pictorial scale. The male figures are shown with musculature, drapery with sharp flowing folds,wavy curled hair and sharp features. The extended ears are merely due to the downward thrust of the heavy ear-rings worn by a prince or magnate.