Are concrete floors expensive?

Are concrete floors expensive?

Cost ranges from downright cheap ($2 per square foot) to relatively pricey ($30 per square foot, depending on finishes). Obviously, concrete is heavy. If you're putting in new concrete floors on grade, the weight won't be a concern.

What is cheaper concrete floor or wood?

For those looking for a durable, showstopper floor, concrete and hardwood both deserve a closer look....Side-by-Side Comparison.
ConcreteHardwood Flooring
Make-up/ConstructionSand, cement, aggregate (sometimes pigment)Solid wood
Installed Cost$2 - 15+$$$ More than laminate ($12-20)

How much does it cost for concrete flooring?

Concrete flooring cost ranges between: $2 to $6 per square foot for a basic design. $7 to $14 for a mid-range design. $15 to $30 for a high-end, customized floor.

How deep does a concrete floor need to be?

Standard concrete floor slab thickness in residential construction is 4 inches. Five to six inches is recommended if the concrete will receive occasional heavy loads, such as motor homes or garbage trucks. To prepare the base, cut the ground level to the proper depth to allow for the slab thickness.

Do you need to insulate a concrete floor?

Insulating a concrete floor. When building or renovating a new space, insulation should always be considered. From preventing damp to reducing heat loss and aiding with noise dampening, below-grade insulation is always important.

What is the best concrete floor insulation?

Above the concrete slab This is why phenolic foam is the most common solution in this instance, because it can achieve greater insulation for less depth. In this case, the damp proof membrane goes above the concrete. Moisture resistant chipboard goes on top, beneath the flooring surface.

Should you put Styrofoam under concrete?

Putting styrofoam under the slab is fairly common here. If the base is preped and tamped properly, and the correct concrete and wire is used, you will crack no more or less than you would without the foam.

How thick should concrete floor insulation be?

Standard thickness available are 25, 30, 40, 50, 60, 75, 100, and 150mm. Other thicknesses are available to order in 5mm increments up to 600mm. A damp proof membrane is required and should be placed over the insulation to prevent water and fine particles from the concrete leaching down the joints in the insulation.

How do you insulate a concrete floor before pouring?

Lay the foam boards on the vapor barrier. Begin in a corner and butt the boards until the entire vapor barrier is covered. Coverage must be continuous and complete for maximum effectiveness. Cut foam strips using the putty knife and straightedge to sit vertically along the edge of the slab.

What is the minimum floor insulation?

Building Regulations would require at least 70 mm of high-performance foam insulation, or 150 mm of mineral wool, (although this will vary depending on floor type, construction, shape and size). Calculations by Kingspan have produced best starting point values that are thought to be suitable for common situations.

How thick should Floor be?

In a typical home, the entire structure between levels can be about 12 to 14 inches thick, depending on the type of joists used and the finish materials for the floor and ceiling.

What is the space between floors called?

An interstitial space is an intermediate space located between regular-use floors, commonly located in hospitals and laboratory-type buildings to allow space for the mechanical systems of the building.

What is the gap between floor joists?

Normally, floor joists are spaced 16 inches apart on center. This means from the center of one upright joist to the center of the next. Given that 2x8s are actually 1-¾ inches wide, it works out to be 14-¼ inches between each joist. With some structures, floor joists are required to be 12 or 24 inches apart on center.

What is the maximum span of a 2x6 floor joist?

10 feet 9 inches

Do floor joists need noggins?

If the span of your joists is less than 2.

Do floor joists need cross bracing?

Residential building code requires the use of cross bracing or blocking for floor joists exceeding 2 inches by 12 inches, but many homes, especially older ones, have creaky, uneven floors because floor joists are not braced.

What's a noggin in carpentry?

A nogging (or occasionally noggin) is a strut used to give rigidity to a framework, typically fixed between joists or studs to their increase strength and stiffness. Noggings are commonly used to brace floors or to stiffen timber stud frames.

Why are noggins staggered?

Staggered noggin By staggering them you can install much quicker because you don't have to skew nail one end which is slightly more awkward and thus more time consuming. Both ends can be fixed straight through the back of the stud/joist, which can be easier, quicker and a stronger fixing too.

What is the purpose of noggins?

Noggins are horizontal members which run parallel with the top and bottom plates between the studs and used to straighten the centre of the wall and provide lateral support to the studs. Certain numbers of noggings are required depending upon the stud height.

How far apart should floor noggins be?

When it comes to spacing the potential spots for noggins, you should half each joist. That means you should place one at the halfway point of each 2×6 used as joists.

What is the maximum Centres noggin should be fixed?

With most boards being 2400x1200 then 400 centres (or 600) is what should be used.

What is a noggin?

1 : a person's head. 2 : a small mug or cup. 3 : a small quantity (such as a gill) of drink.

How many rows does a noggin have?

Usually one row, central (so 1200mm in a 2400 wall), with a max spacing of 1350mm, so in a 2700 or greater wall you will get 2 rows (or more as reqd). Also, more may be added for such things as hand rails in a bathroom (often at 800mm) etc.