What was the purpose of a castle?

What was the purpose of a castle?

Castles could serve as a centre for local government, administration and justice. They were also used by powerful lords to display their wealth and power through lavish architectural styles and decoration. Castles were not only built and used by the crown.

What are the main features of a castle?

Features

  • Moat - a perimeter ditch with or without water.
  • Barbican - a fortification to protect a gate.
  • Curtain Walls & Towers - the perimeter defensive wall.
  • Fortified Gatehouse - the main castle entrance.
  • Keep (aka Donjon or Great Tower) - the largest tower and best stronghold of the castle.

Why were castle built on hills?

Castles were usually built where there was a natural feature of the land that would help in the defense of the castle such as building on top of a hill or where they were surrounded by water. ... The castle served as a visual reminder and a symbol of power that the king was in charge over all the land.

Who lived in a castle?

During the late Middle Ages, from the 10th to the 16th centuries, kings and lords lived in castles. As well as the lord, the lady (his wife), and their family there were lots of staff. Some were important officials, such as the constable who took care of the castle when the lord was away.

Why did Merricat kill her parents?

The reason Merricat poisoned her family: their father was abusing Constance and herself. ... In the film, though, we learn that Jim and Constance had been together and that Constance was planning on leaving with him—until, that is, Merricat told their father: “I told father./span>

Do castles have toilets?

The toilets of a castle were usually built into the walls so that they projected out on corbels and any waste fell below and into the castle moat. Even better, waste went directly into a river as is the case of the latrines of one of the large stone halls at Chepstow Castle in Wales, built from the 11th century CE./span>

Did they have toilets in the 1800s?

Mostly because, before the mid-1800s, the only public toilets were called "the street" and they were used almost exclusively by men. When ladies did go out, they didn't dawdle. ... Saloons usually had privies out back, but ladies weren't allowed in saloons./span>

Why are castles so cold?

The Keep of Goodrich Castle, built in the 1100s, only had tiny windows – which meant that little light could enter the castle. This meant that most structures could only support tiny windows – which resulted in dark rooms that were constantly cold, as the thick stone could never be fully warmed by the sun.

Why Germany has so many castles?

Why are there so many castles in Bavaria? Well, it's partly thanks to Bavaria's Medieval importance. The (so-called) 'Romantic Road', a vital trade route, sliced through Bavaria during Medieval times. This route brought prosperity and wealth – but required protection, too.

Where was the chapel located in early castles?

Frequently, castle chapels were located near the gate or in the upper storey of the gate tower as, for example, at Wildenberg Castle in the Odenwald. This was in order to claim God's protection over the most vulnerable point in the castle.

Why did castles have small windows?

Because every window is a hole where enemy can shoot in. The castles were essentially military installations. You don't see too many windows in modern fortifications, bunkers and gunnery positions either. This is basic military engineering; do not create enemy opportunities to get you.

What it was like to live in a castle?

What was it like living in a castle? Even when it wasn't under attack, living in a castle was hectic, noisy and they were often packed full of people. ... Castles were large, dark, draughty and cold. Windows were often small, with wooden shutters or (if the nobleman could afford it), leadlight glass-panes./span>

Why are castles so big?

Stone would not rot so the castles were a lot stronger than wooden ones. because stone is strong, it is possible to build up so that you have a height advantage and can see for miles. also the walls can be made very thick therefore making them very strong. The walls at Rochester Castle in places are ten feet thick./span>

What is a castle window called?

An embrasure is the opening in a battlement between the two raised solid portions, referred to as crenel or crenelle in a space hollowed out throughout the thickness of a wall by the establishment of a bay. ... There are embrasures especially in fortified castles and bunkers.

What are the walls around a castle called?

A curtain wall is a defensive wall between two towers (bastions) of a castle, fortress, or town.

What is the balcony of a castle called?

bretèche

What is the pointy part of a castle called?

spires

How many different types of castles are there?

three

What is the most important part of a castle?

At the heart of a castle is its tower, known as the keep. The number of floors within the keep depended on its size and the wealth of its owner. All Keeps contained a large room known as the Great Hall. The enclosed area between the inside of the wall and the keep.

What does crenellated mean?

that people can shoot guns and cannons outward

What does Postern mean?

1 : a back door or gate. 2 : a private or side entrance or way.

What were battlements used for?

A battlement is the upper walled part of a castle or fortress. It's usually formed out of a low, narrow wall on top of the outermost protective wall of a fortress or castle. The word 'battlement' traces to an old French term that means tower or turret, and the original use of battlements was for protection.

What does Portcullis mean?

: a grating of iron hung over the gateway of a fortified place and lowered between grooves to prevent passage.