What does the term strict construction mean?
all words any words phrase. strict construction. (narrow construction) n. interpreting the Constitution based on a literal and narrow definition of the language without reference to the differences in conditions when the Constitution was written and modern conditions, inventions and societal changes.
What is an example of strict construction?
Justices that are described as strict constructionists tend to favour State's rights over the rights of the Federal Government. They tend to be labelled as conservatives. Perhaps the most famous example of this is the interpretation of the First Amendment by Associate Justice Hugo Black.
What is strict constructionist quizlet?
Strict Constructionist. a person who interprets the Constitution in a way that allows the federal government to take only those actions the Constitution specifically says it can take. Judicial Activism.
What is the difference between a strict constructionist and a broad constructionist quizlet?
What is the difference between a strict constructionist and a broad constructionist? Those who believe that the text of the Constitution is important and that any interpretation should be kept to a minimum have traditionally been known as strict constructionists, while others prefer the term originalists.
Which of these is an example of loose construction?
Loose construction means that the Constitution gives the Federal government broad powers to do what is necessary. ... Setting up a national bank, having the government pay off all states debts, health care, etc. What is an example of strict interpretation?
What is broad construction?
Broad construction, sometimes called "loose construction," is an approach to constitutional interpretation emphasizing a permissive and flexible reading of the Constitution, and especially of the powers of the federal government.
How would a strict constructionist characterize the federal government?
One faction, the strict constructionists, was led by Thomas Jefferson. Arguing that "that government is best which governs least," the strict constructionists desired a small federal government, one that would leave most power to the states and to the people.
What does narrow interpretation mean?
adj. 1 small in breadth, esp. in comparison to length. 2 limited in range or extent. 3 limited in outlook; lacking breadth of vision.
What is the meaning of narrow?
Narrow means less wide or to make less wide. When you narrow down your choices, you decrease the number of choices. A road might be too narrow for a car. When used to describe something physical such as a street or hips, narrow simply means not wide.
What is a broad interpretation?
Noun. 1. broad interpretation - an interpretation of the U.S. constitution holding that the spirit of the times and the needs of the nation can legitimately influence judicial decisions (particularly decisions of the Supreme Court)
What is a narrow construct?
Save This Word! A theory of interpretation of the Constitution that holds that the courts, particularly the Supreme Court, should be bound by the exact words of the Constitution, or by the original intent of the framers of the Constitution, or a combination of both. (Compare broad construction.)
What does it mean to operationalize a construct?
Operationalization is the process of strictly defining variables into measurable factors. The process defines fuzzy concepts and allows them to be measured, empirically and quantitatively.
What is an example of construct validity?
Construct validity refers to whether a scale or test measures the construct adequately. An example is a measurement of the human brain, such as intelligence, level of emotion, proficiency or ability. ... An example could be a doctor testing the effectiveness of painkillers on chronic back sufferers.
How do you establish construct validity?
To achieve construct validity, you have to ensure that your indicators and measurements are carefully developed based on relevant existing knowledge. The questionnaire must include only relevant questions that measure known indicators of depression.
What is the difference between content and construct validity?
Construct validity means the test measures the skills/abilities that should be measured. Content validity means the test measures appropriate content.
What affects construct validity?
Threats to Construct Validity. Inadequate Preoperational Explication of Constructs. Mono-Operation Bias. Mono-Method Bias. Interaction of Different Treatments.
What is good construct validity?
Construct validity is the extent to which the measurements used, often questionnaires, actually test the hypothesis or theory they are measuring. ... In order to have good construct validity one must have a strong relationship with convergent construct validity and no relationship for discriminant construct validity.
What is the relationship between validity and reliability?
Reliability and validity are both about how well a method measures something: Reliability refers to the consistency of a measure (whether the results can be reproduced under the same conditions). Validity refers to the accuracy of a measure (whether the results really do represent what they are supposed to measure).
What is an example of face validity?
A test in which most people would agree that the test items appear to measure what the test is intended to measure would have strong face validity. For example, a mathematical test consisting of problems in which the test taker has to add and subtract numbers may be considered to have strong face validity.
Is face validity good or bad?
Face validity, also called logical validity, is a simple form of validity where you apply a superficial and subjective assessment of whether or not your study or test measures what it is supposed to measure. ... Therefore, it is often criticized as the weakest form of validity.
How do you prove Face validity?
A direct measurement of face validity is obtained by asking people to rate the validity of a test as it appears to them. This rater could use a likert scale to assess face validity. For example: the test is extremely suitable for a given purpose.
How do you determine validity and reliability?
Reliability can be assessed with the test-retest method, alternative form method, internal consistency method, the split-halves method, and inter-rater reliability. Test-retest is a method that administers the same instrument to the same sample at two different points in time, perhaps one year intervals.
Which is more important reliability or validity?
Validity is harder to assess than reliability, but it is even more important. To obtain useful results, the methods you use to collect your data must be valid: the research must be measuring what it claims to measure. This ensures that your discussion of the data and the conclusions you draw are also valid.
How do you calculate reliability?
Reliability is complementary to probability of failure, i.e. R(t) = 1 –F(t) , orR(t) = 1 –Π[1 −Rj(t)] . For example, if two components are arranged in parallel, each with reliability R1 = R2 = 0.
What is an example of reliability and validity?
Reliability implies consistency: if you take the ACT five times, you should get roughly the same results every time. A test is valid if it measures what it's supposed to. Tests that are valid are also reliable. The ACT is valid (and reliable) because it measures what a student learned in high school.
What are examples of reliability?
The term reliability in psychological research refers to the consistency of a research study or measuring test. For example, if a person weighs themselves during the course of a day they would expect to see a similar reading.
What are the four types of reliability?
Types of reliability and how to measure them
|Type of reliability||Measures the consistency of…|
|Test-retest||The same test over time.|
|Interrater||The same test conducted by different people.|
|Parallel forms||Different versions of a test which are designed to be equivalent.|
|Internal consistency||The individual items of a test.|
Do random errors affect validity?
Random errors will shift each measurement from its true value by a random amount and in a random direction. These will affect reliability (since they're random) but may not affect the overall accuracy of a result.
What are the 3 types of errors in science?
Errors are normally classified in three categories: systematic errors, random errors, and blunders. Systematic errors are due to identified causes and can, in principle, be eliminated. Errors of this type result in measured values that are consistently too high or consistently too low.
What causes random error?
Random error is always present in a measurement. It is caused by inherently unpredictable fluctuations in the readings of a measurement apparatus or in the experimenter's interpretation of the instrumental reading. ... They can be estimated by comparing multiple measurements, and reduced by averaging multiple measurements.
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