What is a constructivist perspective?

What is a constructivist perspective?

Constructivism refers to a category of learning theories in which emphasis is placed on the agency and prior knowledge of the learner, and often on the social and cultural determinants of the learning process.

Who gives the concept of cognitive constructivism?

Cognitive constructivism is based on the work of Jean Piaget. His theory has two major parts: an ages and stages component that predicts what children can and cannot understand at different ages, and a theory of development that describes how learners develop cognitive abilities.

What are the basic cognitive concepts?

Piaget proposed four major stages of cognitive development, and called them (1) sensorimotor intelligence, (2) preoperational thinking, (3) concrete operational thinking, and (4) formal operational thinking. Each stage is correlated with an age period of childhood, but only approximately.

What is a cognitive theory?

Cognitive theory is an approach to psychology that attempts to explain human behavior by understanding your thought processes. 1 For example, a therapist is using principles of cognitive theory when they teach you how to identify maladaptive thought patterns and transform them into constructive ones.

What are the different cognitive styles?

There are three very important cognitive styles: leveling-sharpening, field-dependence/field-independence, and reflectivity-impulsivity. Cognitive styles are distinct from individual intelligence, but they may affect personality development and how individuals learn and apply information.

What are the four master cognitive styles?

The four cognitive style groups were labelled as follows: wholist verbaliser (WV); wholist imager (WI); analytic verbaliser (AV); analytic imager (AI) (see Table 1).

What are the two types of cognitive learning?

Cognitive Learning Examples

  • Explicit Learning. ...
  • Implicit Learning. ...
  • Meaningful Learning. ...
  • Discovery Learning. ...
  • Receptive Learning. ...
  • Non-Associative Learning (Habituation and Sensitization) ...
  • Emotional Learning. ...
  • Experiential Learning.

What are the cognitive learning strategies?

Cognitive learning strategies are strategies that improve a learner's ability to process information more deeply, transfer and apply information to new situations, and result in enhanced and better-retained learning.

What are the levels of cognitive learning?

Levels of Cognitive Learning The major levels of cognitive learning can be classified as memorizing, understanding, and applying. Most content can be learned at any of these three levels of learning.

What is the correct order of cognitive learning?

The cognitive learning domain corresponding to mental skills, consists of six levels arranged in order of increasing cognition: Knowledge (remember, recall) -- foundation/lower level thinking skills. Comprehension (grasp meaning, restate, understand, summarize) Application (use content, abstract to practical)

What is highest level of cognitive ability?

evaluation

What are the 6 levels of learning?

Within the Cognitive Domain, Bloom defines 6 levels of intellectual behavior that are important for learning.

  • Knowledge: Recall data or information. ...
  • Comprehension: Understand the meaning of a problem, be able to translate into own words. ...
  • Application: Use a concept in a new situation. ...
  • Analysis: ...
  • Synthesis: ...
  • Evaluation: