What is a vigorous verb?

What is a vigorous verb?

invigorate. (transitive) To impart vigor, strength, or vitality to. (transitive) To heighten or intensify. (transitive) To give life or energy to.

What is trough used for?

1a : a long shallow often V-shaped receptacle for the drinking water or feed of domestic animals. b : any of various domestic or industrial containers. 2a : a conduit, drain, or channel for water especially : a gutter along the eaves of a building.

What does trough level mean?

The trough level is the lowest concentration in the patient's bloodstream, therefore, the specimen should be collected just prior to administration of the drug. The peak level is the highest concentration of a drug in the patient's bloodstream.

What does high trough level mean?

If the trough level remains too high prior to the next scheduled dose, it could indicate the patient's body may not be able to adequately metabolize the medication. Administering the next dose too soon could push the medication to toxic levels, which could cause organ damage.

When should trough levels be taken?

Trough levels should be checked just before the fourth dose, when steady-state levels are likely to have been achieved. More frequent monitoring may be considered in patients with fluctuating renal function. Trough levels should be higher than 10 mg/L to prevent the development of resistance.

When should amikacin trough be drawn?

Serum samples for peak concentrations are collected 60 minutes after the start of intravenous infusion and 60–90 minutes after intramuscular injection. In critically-ill patients, the peak serum levels are drawn after the first dose. Samples for trough concentrations are collected within 30 min of the next dose.

How long can I take amikacin?

The usual duration of treatment is 7 to 10 days. It is desirable to limit the duration of treatment to short term whenever feasible. The total daily dose by all routes of administration should not exceed 15 mg/kg/day.

What is amikacin used to treat?

Amikacin injection is used to treat certain serious infections that are caused by bacteria such as meningitis (infection of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord) and infections of the blood, abdomen (stomach area), lungs, skin, bones, joints, and urinary tract.

What is a peak and a trough?

The lowest level of the drug in the patient's body is called the trough level. The peak for a drug is when the level of the drug in the patient's body is the highest. To assess drug concentrations during the trough phase, blood should be drawn immediately before the next dose.

What does peaking mean in drugs?

The highest concentration reached by a drug, as determined by therapeutic drug monitoring.

How do you do a peak and trough?

A trough level is drawn immediately before the next dose of the drug is administered. A peak level is drawn 1 to several hours after the drug is administered (depending on the drug).

Is a wave a peak or a trough?

Key terms
Term (symbol)Meaning
Wavelength ( λ)Distance between adjacent maxima or minima of a wave.
Periodic waveWave that repeats over time and space. Also called a continuous wave.
CrestHighest point on a transverse wave. Also called the peak.
TroughLowest point on a transverse wave.

What is worse than gamma rays?

Alpha particles are the most harmful internal hazard as compared with gamma rays and beta particles. ... Beta particles can partially penetrate skin, causing “beta burns”. Alpha particles cannot penetrate intact skin. Gamma and x-rays can pass through a person damaging cells in their path.

What color has the highest energy?


Do gamma rays have high energy?

Gamma-ray photons have the highest energy in the EMR spectrum and their waves have the shortest wavelength. Scientists measure the energy of photons in electron volts (eV). X-ray photons have energies in the range 100 eV to 100,000 eV (or 100 keV). Gamma-ray photons generally have energies greater than 100 keV.

What are 3 uses for gamma rays?

Uses of Gamma Rays:

  • Sterilize medical equipment.
  • Sterilize food (irradiated food)
  • Used as tracers in medicine.
  • Radio Therapy- In oncology, to kill cancerous cells.
  • Gamma-Ray Astronomy.

What happens if you are exposed to gamma rays?

Gamma rays have so much penetrating power that several inches of a dense material like lead, or even a few feet of concrete may be required to stop them. Gamma rays can pass completely through the human body; as they pass through, they can cause ionizations that damage tissue and DNA.

How fast can gamma rays kill you?

50% death rate in 60 days. There is some disagreement about this, some say 3 Sieverts, and it depends on your whole body getting that much. If you get 1000 rems of radiation, you will be dead in about an hour.

Can you die instantly from radiation?

Without medical treatment, nearly everyone who receives more than this amount of radiation will die within 30 days. 100,000 roentgens/rad (1,000 Gy) causes almost immediate unconsciousness and death within an hour.

Can gamma rays make you Hulk?

In the Marvel Universe, Bruce Banner exposed his body to high doses of gamma radiation during an experiment in his lab. The gamma radiation deformed Bruce's DNA, so whenever he became angry, he could turn into the Hulk.

Can gamma rays kill cancer cells?

What is radiation therapy? Radiation therapy uses high-energy particles or waves, such as x-rays, gamma rays, electron beams, or protons, to destroy or damage cancer cells. Your cells normally grow and divide to form new cells. But cancer cells grow and divide faster than most normal cells.