What is a wall around a castle called?

What is a wall around a castle called?

A curtain wall is a defensive wall between two towers (bastions) of a castle, fortress, or town.

What is the entrance of a castle called?


What are the features of a castle?


  • Moat - a perimeter ditch with or without water.
  • Barbican - a fortification to protect a gate.
  • Curtain Walls & Towers - the perimeter defensive wall.
  • Fortified Gatehouse - the main castle entrance.
  • Keep (aka Donjon or Great Tower) - the largest tower and best stronghold of the castle.

What is a Crenel?

Crenel(noun) an embrasure or indentation in a battlement; a loophole in a fortress; an indentation; a notch. See Merlon, and Illust. of Battlement. Etymology: [OF.

What are Merlons and Crenels?

Crenels are rectangular gaps or indentations which occur at regular intervals along the parapet, usually measuring 2-3 ft wide. Merlons are the solid widths between the crenels, usually measuring 4-5 ft wide and 3-7 ft high.

What is a crenellated wall?

adjective [usually ADJECTIVE noun] In a castle, a crenellated wall has gaps in the top or openings through which to fire at attackers.

What are parts of a castle called?

There were various medieval castle parts that made up a castle which included moats, ramparts, walls, turrets, towers, look outs, and gatehouse.

  • Castle Arrow Slits. ...
  • Castle Barbican. ...
  • Castle Battlements. ...
  • Castle Drawbridge. ...
  • Castle Dungeon. ...
  • Castle Gatehouse. ...
  • Castle Keep. ...
  • Castle Machicolations.

What are the up and down bits on a castle called?

The raised parts are called cops or merlons, the indentations embrasures or crenelles. Also, you can read the entry for battlement in the 1911 edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica. You can also take a look at a page all about parts of castles in the Middle Ages for some related vocabulary.

What is the top of a castle turret called?


What is a castle rampart?

In fortification architecture, a rampart is a length of bank or wall forming part of the defensive boundary of a castle, hillfort, settlement or other fortified site. It is usually broad-topped and made of excavated earth or masonry or a combination of the two.

What were crenellations used for?

The purpose of the Crenellations was to provide a fighting platform and good vantage point from which soldiers launched arrows. The crenellations also provided defenders with a solid defence to hide behind when they were not launching arrows from the gaps in between the stone battlements.