Why hilly region is rich in biodiversity?

Why hilly region is rich in biodiversity?

Hill region is very rich in biodiversity. Forests of Uttis, Katus and Chilaune are found here. Due to the altitude and topography, different types of plants like Sal, Simal, Peepal, Bar, Sallo, bamboo, etc. ... Different sorts of animals and plants are found here due to topography and diverse climate.

What is the main occupation of hilly region?


What type of people live in hilly region?

People of various ethic groups live in the Hilly region. They are Rai, Limbu, Tamang, Magar, Sunwar, Gurung and Chepang groups as well as other groups live in this areas. The Brahmans, Chhetris, Newar and Thakuris and different occupational groups Kami, Damai Sarki, are spread over most parts of the country.

Where does the hilly region lie?


What is the occupation of Terai region?


Why is Terai region famous?

The terrain of Dudhwa ranges from grasslands to one of the finest Sal forests in India and marshland which makes Dudhwa a paradise for wildlife enthusiasts. Dudhwa is famous for the threatened Western Swamp Deer and Tiger.

Why is the Terai region important?

Economically, the Terai is the most fertile and productive region of Nepal where agriculture dominates. The main agricultural products are rice, jute, sugar, mustard, tobacco, herbs and spices. Most of the agro-based industries are here. In addition, the region is rich in forestry.

Why do majority of people live in the Terai?

The terai contain the majority of the country's arable land. Since the advent of malaria-control measures in the 1950s, the terai have been the major region of population growth due to migration from the hill and mountain regions (see table).

Which region is known as Terai?

Tarai, also spelled Terai, region of northern India and southern Nepal running parallel to the lower ranges of the Himalayas. A strip of undulating former marshland, it stretches from the Yamuna River in the west to the Brahmaputra River in the east.

What are the features of Terai region?

The Terai or Tarai is a lowland region in northern India and southern Nepal that lies south of the outer foothills of the Himalayas, the Sivalik Hills, and north of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. This lowland belt is characterised by tall grasslands, scrub savannah, sal forests and clay rich swamps.

Why Terai region is densely forested?

Answer. Answer:The region was densely forested with stands of foremost Sal. Heavy logging began in the 1920s. Extracted timber was exported to India to ..

How is the Terai formed?

The Terai. Terai is an ill-drained, damp (marshy) and thickly forested narrow tract to the south of Bhabar running parallel to it. The Terai is about15-30 km wide. The underground streams of the Bhabar belt re-emerge in this belt.

What is typical vegetation found in Terai region?

Typical vegetation in this region includes Cycas pectinata, Gnetum montanum, Duabanga grandiflora, Calamus spp., Cythea pinulosa, Pandanus nepalensis, and Podocarpus neriifolius. Shorea robusta (sal) dominates the whole of the Terai region.

What is Bhabar and Terai region?

(i)Terai is a broad long zone south of Bhabar plain. (ii)It is a marshy, wet and marshy area covered with thick forests. ... (i)Bhabar is a long narrow plain along the foothills. (ii)It is a pebble studded zone of porous beds.

Why is the Bhabar region most fertile?

Being at the junction of Himalayas and the Indo-Gangetic Plain, Bhabar contains almost all the important trade and commerce hubs of Uttarakhand state. Due to the top-soil replenishment every monsoon, It is also a fertile area with large yields per unit area.

What is difference between Terai and Babur?

Bhabar region lies along the foot of the Siwaliks from the Indus to the Tista. But Terai belt lies to the south of Bhabhar and run parallel to it. ... Bhabhar comprises of pebble-studded rocks in the shape of porous beds. But Terai is composed of comparatively finer alluvium and is covered by forest.

What is Bhabar class 9th?

The 'Bhabar' is that narrow belt of the plain which is enclosed with pebbles and located along with the foothills of the Shiwaliks from the Indus to the Teesta.

What is the Bhabar in short answer?

The Bhabar is a narrow belt about 8-10km wide running in East to west direction along the foot of the Shiwaliks of Himalayan Range with a remarkable continuity from the Indus to the Tista. The Bhabar belt is comparatively narrow in the east and extensive in the western and north-western hilly region.

What is Terai in geography class 9?

Terai: It is composed of comparatively finer alluvium and is covered by forests. It has underground streams and makes the area marshy. Suitable for agriculture.

What is the location in India?


Which area is called Khadar and Bhabar?

Khādir or Khadar and Bāngur (Hindi language: खादर और बांगर, Urdu languageکهادر اور بانگر) are terms used in Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi and Sindhi in the Indo-Gangetic plains of North India and Pakistan to differentiate between two types of river plains and alluvial soils.

Which soil is known as Khadar?

alluvial soils

Which is the largest Aggradational plain in India?

Brahmaputra Plain

Which is the largest alluvial tract in the world?

The northern plain of India is formed by three river systems, i.e. the Indus, the Ganga and the Brahmaputra; along with their tributaries. The northern plains are the largest alluvial tract of the world. These plains extend approximately 3200 km from west to east.

What is the local name of ancient alluvium?


What are the main characteristics of Northern Plains?

  • The North Indian Plains are consistently level plains of highly fertile and deep alluvial soil which increases in thickness from west to east.
  • They have a mild climate and a very gentle slope. ...
  • Because of high fertility, this region is agriculturally very important for the country.