What is disciplinary power in sociology?
This reflects a change in how power is exercised in society – we have moved away from what Foucault called 'sovereign power' – which is control through the threat of force, to 'disciplinary power' – which is control through the monitoring and surveillance of populations.
What does disciplinary power mean?
'[Disciplinary power] is exercised over one or more individuals in order to provide them with particular skills and attributes, to develop their capacity for self-control, to promote their ability to act in concert, to render them amenable to instruction, or to mould their characters in other ways'
What is an example of disciplinary power?
Some examples of disciplinary power I have observed at different places of work: Swiping in and out via security pass (monitoring time spent on site) Use of company telephones (monitoring for personal calls) Use of company email (monitoring for personal emails)
What is repressive power?
The repressive hypothesis is the argument that power has repressed sex for the past three hundred years. ... According to this hypothesis, we can achieve political liberation and sexual liberation simultaneously if we free ourselves from this repression by talking openly about sex, and enjoying it more frequently.
What is pastoral power?
Pastoral power is a productive power that produces subjects. It is concerned with both individuals and totalisation, and in so doing produces the submissive subject.
What is Foucault's theory of power?
Foucault challenges the idea that power is wielded by people or groups by way of 'episodic' or 'sovereign' acts of domination or coercion, seeing it instead as dispersed and pervasive. 'Power is everywhere' and 'comes from everywhere' so in this sense is neither an agency nor a structure (Foucault 1998: 63).
How does a state display pastoral power?
The state can be seen as a new form of pastoral power: The state has ensure salvation in this world as the church had to ensure salvation in the world after. Concrete examples are health care, security and protection against accidents. In the new the state the officials of pastoral power have increased.
What is sovereign power Foucault?
According to Foucault, the classical privilege of sovereign power is the “right to take life or let live;” sovereignty manifests itself as a right to kill when the sovereign's existence is in danger (Foucault, 1990, p. 136). ... On this view, punishment is an act of war waged in defense of the sovereign (Foucault, 1995).
Who has sovereign power?
Sovereignty is a political concept that refers to dominant power or supreme authority. In a monarchy, supreme power resides in the "sovereign", or king. In modern democracies, sovereign power rests with the people and is exercised through representative bodies such as Congress or Parliament.
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