Difference between revisions of "2000 AIME II Problems/Problem 15"
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\frac{1}{\sin n \sin (n+1)} &= \frac{1}{\sin 1} \cdot \frac{\sin (n+1) \cos n - \sin n \cos (n+1)}{\sin n \sin (n+1)} \\ &= \frac{1}{\sin 1} \cdot \left(\frac{\cos n}{\sin n} - \frac{\cos (n+1)}{\sin (n+1)}\right) \\ &= \frac{1}{\sin 1} \cdot \left(\cot n - \cot (n+1)\right). \end{align*}</cmath> | \frac{1}{\sin n \sin (n+1)} &= \frac{1}{\sin 1} \cdot \frac{\sin (n+1) \cos n - \sin n \cos (n+1)}{\sin n \sin (n+1)} \\ &= \frac{1}{\sin 1} \cdot \left(\frac{\cos n}{\sin n} - \frac{\cos (n+1)}{\sin (n+1)}\right) \\ &= \frac{1}{\sin 1} \cdot \left(\cot n - \cot (n+1)\right). \end{align*}</cmath> | ||
− | The motivation for this identity arises from the need to decompose those fractions, possibly into [[telescoping | + | The motivation for this identity arises from the need to decompose those fractions, possibly into [[telescoping]]. |
Thus our summation becomes | Thus our summation becomes |
Revision as of 19:54, 19 May 2016
Problem
Find the least positive integer such that
Solution
We apply the identity
The motivation for this identity arises from the need to decompose those fractions, possibly into telescoping.
Thus our summation becomes
Since , the summation simply reduces to . Therefore, the answer is .
Solution 2(Not Rigorous)
We can make an approximation by observing the following points: The average term is around the 60's which gives 4/3. There are 45 terms so the approximate sum is 60. Therefore the entire thing equals approximately . Recall that the approximation of sinx in radians is x if x is close to zero. In this case x is close to zero. Converting to radians we see that sin1 in degrees is about sin in radians, or is about because of the approximation. What we want is apparently close to that so we make the guess that n is equal to 1 degree. Basically, it boils down to the approximation of sin1= in degrees, convert to radians and use the small angle approximation sinx=x. -jasonhu4
See also
2000 AIME II (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 14 |
Followed by Last Question | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 | ||
All AIME Problems and Solutions |
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