What is the purpose of the gargoyles on Notre Dame?

What is the purpose of the gargoyles on Notre Dame?

The gargoyles' main purpose is very practical. As rain water runs down the roofs of Notre-Dame de Paris, it needs to drain off without dripping down the walls and potentially damaging them. By evacuating rain water, the gargoyles protect the cathedral and protect the stone from damage caused by excessive runoff.

Why did they put gargoyles on buildings?

In architecture, and specifically in Gothic architecture, a gargoyle (/ˈɡɑːrɡɔɪl/) is a carved or formed grotesque with a spout designed to convey water from a roof and away from the side of a building, thereby preventing rainwater from running down masonry walls and eroding the mortar between.

What is the difference between gargoyles and grotesques?

The difference between the gargoyle and grotesque is that the gargoyle is grotesque but it has an additional purpose, and the grotesque is used to decorate the exterior of the building. The gargoyles are made to convey rainwater away from the sides of the buildings and most commonly are situated on the roofs.

Where can most famous gargoyles be found?

Paris

Where do gargoyles originate?

The term gargoyle comes from the French gargouille—the noise of both water and air mixing in the throat. In English, we know this as gargle. Gargoyles were originally designed in 13th century French architecture as a means of disposing of water. Think of them as the precursor to the gutter.

What tragedy happened with a medieval cathedral in 1284?

In 1284, only twelve years after completion, part of the choir vault collapsed, along with a few flying buttresses. It is now believed that the collapse was caused by resonant vibrations due to high winds.

Which famous cathedral collapsed?

cathedral of Notre-Dame

What are the largest cathedrals in Europe?

List
NameArea (m2)Country
Interior
San Petronio Basilica7,920Italy
Cologne Cathedral7,914Germany
St Paul's Cathedral7,875United Kingdom

What purpose did cathedrals serve?

Cathedrals served as churches for the Bishops to teach Christianity to the public and were made to deal with the masses of people that came to visit. Cathedrals also held many special occasions and events including but not limited to weddings, funerals, markets, fairs, feasts and even legal proceedings.