What is the function of the following mitochondria?
Mitochondria Mitochondria are membrane-bound cell organelles (mitochondrion, singular) that generate most of the chemical energy needed to power the cell's biochemical reactions. Chemical energy produced by the mitochondria is stored in a small molecule called adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
How is the form of the mitochondria related to its function?
Mitochondria are shaped perfectly to maximize their productivity. They are made of two membranes. ... The folding of the inner membrane increases the surface area inside the organelle. Since many of the chemical reactions happen on the inner membrane, the increased surface area creates more space for reactions to occur.
What is an example of form and function?
Form: eye Function: to bend light 2. Form: eardrum Function: to send vibrations from sound waves to the brain. 3. Form: heart (chambers) Function: pump blood through the body.
What happens if Golgi apparatus is removed from the cell?
Complete answer: If the Golgi apparatus is removed from the cell, all sorts of vesicle formation will stop. The Golgi apparatus is mainly responsible for transporting, modifying, and packaging of proteins and lipids into vesicles to be delivered to targeted destinations.
Why the Golgi apparatus is the most important organelle?
The Golgi apparatus is responsible for transporting, modifying, and packaging proteins and lipids into vesicles for delivery to targeted destinations. As the secretory proteins move through the Golgi apparatus, a number of chemical modifications may transpire.
Can a Cell live without Golgi apparatus?
Without a Golgi apparatus, there would be no lysosomes in a cell. Subsequently, the cell would not be able to digest or break down the materials left over from protein creation. This would create a lot of excess junk within the cell. If this happened, the cell wouldn't be able to live for very long.
Why do cells have mitochondria?
Known as the “powerhouses of the cell,” mitochondria produce the energy necessary for the cell's survival and functioning. Through a series of chemical reactions, mitochondria break down glucose into an energy molecule known as adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which is used to fuel various other cellular processes.
What are the three functions of mitochondria?
Function. The most prominent roles of mitochondria are to produce the energy currency of the cell, ATP (i.e., phosphorylation of ADP), through respiration and to regulate cellular metabolism.
Which cells have the most mitochondria?
What cells have the most mitochondria? A. Your heart muscle cells – with about 5,000 mitochondria per cell. These cells need more energy, so they contain more mitochondria than any other organ in the body!
Do eukaryotic cells have mitochondria?
In addition to the nucleus, eukaryotic cells may contain several other types of organelles, which may include mitochondria, chloroplasts, the endoplasmic reticulum, the Golgi apparatus, and lysosomes. Each of these organelles performs a specific function critical to the cell's survival.
Can eukaryotic cells survive without mitochondria?
You can't survive without mitochondria, the organelles that power most human cells. ... Mitochondria are the descendants of bacteria that settled down inside primordial eukaryotic cells, eventually becoming the power plants for their new hosts.
Why do eukaryotic cells require mitochondria?
Eukaryotic cells require mitochondria because the mitochondria is like the "powerhouse" of the cell because they convert energy from one form to another.
What happens if there is no mitochondria in eukaryotic cell?
They would cease to exist. Without mitochondria, higher animals will not be able to derive energy from only anaerobic respiration due to a lack of oxygen because anaerobic respiration is much less efficient than aerobic respiration which is so important for any higher animal.
What does mitochondria look like?
The structure of mitochondria. Mitochondria are small, often between 0.
What happens if the mitochondria is missing?
When the mitochondria are defective, the cells do not have enough energy. The unused oxygen and fuel molecules build up in the cells and cause damage.
Where is mitochondria found?
Mitochondria are found in all body cells, with the exception of a few. There are usually multiple mitochondria found in one cell, depending upon the function of that type of cell. Mitochondria are located in the cytoplasm of cells along with other organelles of the cell.
What are 3 facts about mitochondria?
Interesting Facts about Mitochondria
- They can quickly change shape and move around the cell when needed.
- When the cell needs more energy, the mitochondria can reproduce by growing larger and then dividing. ...
- Mitochondria are very similar to some bacteria. ...
- Different mitochondria produce different proteins.
Do plant cells have a mitochondria?
Both plant and animal cells are eukaryotic, so they contain membrane-bound organelles like the nucleus and mitochondria. ... However, plant cells and animal cells do not look exactly the same or have all of the same organelles, since they each have different needs.
Why are there no mitochondria in prokaryotes?
Prokaryotic cells are less structured than eukaryotic cells. They have no nucleus; instead their genetic material is free-floating within the cell. They also lack the many membrane-bound organelles found in eukaryotic cells. Thus, prokaryotes have no mitochondria.
Is there a mitochondria in prokaryotes?
Prokaryotes lack mitochondria and instead produce their ATP on their cell surface membrane. Some researchers have suggested that mitochondria might actually be one of the reasons that eukaryotic cells are typically larger than prokaryotes and more varied in their shape and structure.
How do prokaryotes make ATP without mitochondria?
Originally Answered: How does prokaryotic cell produce ATP? By the process of glycolisis in the cytoplasm, which breaks down the molecule and synthesizes ATP with the energy liberated from the bonds. The amount of ATP molecules produced per molecule is much smaller than the amount produced by mitochondria.
How do bacteria survive without mitochondria?
Aerobic bacteria will perform essentially the same reactions that we do in our mitochondria. However, instead of being in a contained organelle they use their cell membrane. ... The citric acid cycle takes place in the cytoplasm of the bacteria, and NADH go to the same protein complexes in the membrane.
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